When a person is diagnosed with acute or chronic cholecystitis, cholelithiasis, one of the most important conditions for prolonging remission after treatment or for half a year after surgery is that dieting is required.
General recommendations for nutrition in cholecystitis
Caloric content of the daily ration, the energy value of the products should be 2000-2500 kcal, which is determined by the physiological needs of the organism. On average, the ratio of carbohydrates should be 300-350 g, fats 80-90 g, proteins – 80-90 gr.
The most important thing that a patient who observes a diet with stones in the gallbladder should know:
- The most powerful provocateur of exacerbations is the reception fried and very fatty foods
- Acceptance of a large amount of food, that is, overeating
- Food should only be warm, not hot, not cold
- Should be a fractional food, in small portions, but frequent – 6 once a day
- The use of refractory fats, strong pancreatic and gastric secretion stimulants – spices, extracts, high cholesterol foods (see how to lower cholesterol without medicines), products with essential oils is strictly excluded.
- The main diet should consist of vegetables and fruits.
- Since fried foods can not be consumed, all dishes are cooked for a couple, in a boiled form, less often baked
What kind of fruit is available for cholecystitis and gallstones?
According to the diet, the most important thing to exclude all sour berries and fruits, that is, you can not eat gooseberries, all kinds of citrus, cranberries, sour apples, sour plums, mango, cherry plum.
Many people are interested in the question whether it is possible for cholecystitis, bananas, grapes? Yes, among the allowed fruits are: sweet apples, watermelons, bananas, melons, strawberries, avocados, papayas. As for grapes, this is a dubious fruit. Given that in most cases the patient has other diseases of the digestive system besides cholecystitis (for example, gastritis, pancreatitis), fruits such as grapes, and vegetables – cabbage, black bread, kvas, can cause fermentation and inflammation of the organs.
Therefore, you should always listen to your body, if you notice discomfort after taking this or that product, analyze the amount eaten, try to eat the next time less or completely abandon the dubious fruit.
What kind of vegetables can I have with cholecystitis?
Among vegetables, there are practically no restrictions, that is, you can eat any vegetables. Care should be taken for raw white cabbage, if the patient does not suffer from pancreatitis, then in small amounts you can eat raw cabbage, but in the presence of pancreatic function disorders, it can be consumed only in boiled, baked form, if you like sauerkraut, then it should be not too sour. You can green peas, carrots, beetroot, pumpkin, potatoes, zucchini. Do not abuse tomatoes, they can be eaten without exacerbation, but only without peel, moderately, marinated and salted are excluded. As far as legumes are concerned, according to the diet №5 they are excluded, but in the period of remission in a very limited amount their use is possible.
What can I drink with gallstones?
What you can eat with cholecystitis becomes clear that only steam, boiled, not salted, not spicy and canned, not fried and not fat. But what can you drink? You can drink fruit teas, compotes, jelly, freshly squeezed, but diluted fruit and vegetable juices, carrot, tomato and beetroot juices are especially useful (beet juice should be drunk after 3 hours after spinning). It is especially good to take mineral water without gases for 30 minutes before meals. A weak tea is useful, especially green tea.
Can coffee be treated with cholecystitis? From coffee, especially soluble, should be abandoned, the same applies to advertised chicory, it has an effect on the gastric mucosa has no less harmful effect than coffee. If, in addition to cholecystitis, a person suffers from chicory diseases of the stomach and pancreas, cocoa and coffee should be discarded altogether, if this is not possible, then concentrate his concentration, drink with milk and not on an empty stomach.
Categorically you can not drink ice cold drinks, and the harm of alcoholic beverages for the body is known to everyone, observing a diet for gallstones and cholecystitis is absolutely to abandon alcohol. Of course, the celebration 50 gr. good dry wine can be drunk, if there is no exacerbation of the disease and pain, it all depends on the dose and quality of the liquor. Always listen to your feelings, everything is good in moderation.
What can and can not be eaten with stones in the bile?
Today, many families buy homemade bakeries, making delicious bread, home-made products. Freshly baked homemade bread is not recommended for patients with cholecystitis, it is better to wait and eat yesterday’s dried bread, moreover, it should not be fancy (adding a lot of fats). Also, you can not eat with stones in the gallbladder all cakes made of puff pastry, sand dough. All cakes, cakes, pancakes, fritters are excluded. Moreover, given that culinary fats are used in industrial production, most often palm oil, which is practically a poison for the digestive system, it is dangerous for even healthy people to eat purchased high-quality products. But you can safely eat bread of yesterday’s baking from wheat, rind, rye flour, bran bread. And also baked patties with cottage cheese, fish, meat, apples from a simple dough.
Steep broths of meat, fish, chicken, duck, mushrooms, etc. have a very negative effect on the digestive system. You should abandon any such broths, and cook only vegetable soups. In extreme cases, if you can not deny yourself in the first dish on a meat broth, first cook only lean meat, and secondly dilute it with water or vegetable broth before preparing soup, soups, beetroot, borsch.
Fatty varieties of meat – goose, duck, pork, lamb, fat beef, chicken
Fatty meat products should be excluded from the diet. Meat products can be prepared only from low-fat beef, not fatty birds, rabbit meat and use in limited quantities, in a boiled form. You can use boiled meat or chicken (minced meat) to make meatballs for soup, cutlets for steamed, casseroles, or to use slices, chewing thoroughly.
Of course, the most affordable and convenient product today is meat semi-finished products, which are in abundance on the shelves of supermarkets. This is the most harmful, chemical food stuffed with flavor enhancers and preservatives, additives of doubtful content, which are dangerous for everyone, not only for people with digestive problems. No dairy sausages, “baby sausages”, “diet sausages” should not be on the table in a person with gallstones, pancreatitis or chronic cholecystitis. These names are just a marketing device, there can not be any “children’s” sausages. “
Whether it is possible at a cholecystitis nuts, sunflower seeds, honey
If there is no allergy to bee products, then honey can be cholecystitis. As for nuts and seeds, they can be consumed, and it is necessary, but only: when purchased in uncooked form (clean immediately before use), and in moderate amounts.
You should know that on the shelves of our shops, peeled nuts are in no case possible, during processing, transportation, packing, fat oxidation occurs, and the nuts become what are called rancid. When oxidizing fats from prolonged and improper storage, the purified finished nuts cause an increased load on the gallbladder, pancreas and liver. This is especially true of pine nuts. These nuts are dangerous to health, they cause bitterness in the mouth and exacerbation of cholecystitis (see peeled pine nuts).
Also, all fatty fish varieties (catfish, sturgeon, beluga, stellate sturgeon, salmon) are excluded, but pike-perch, cod, carp, hake and pike may be in the diet of a person with cholecystitis. Moreover, it should be remembered that fried foods are categorically excluded, it means that the fish should either be baked, or made for steaming or cooking. Repeatedly it has been proved by researchers that when frying fish all its useful properties are lost, so that you can calm yourself by not only observing a diet in cholecystitis, but also receiving healthy foods that retain their remarkable properties. As for eggs, they can be consumed only soft-boiled or in a pouch, in the form of an omelette or adding to other dishes, and do not abuse the amount, no more than 1 pieces per day (preferably 1 yolk per day), and hard-boiled or fried eggs (fried eggs ) should be deleted.
Milk soups with pasta and cereals are very useful. You can not eat fatty milk, cottage cheese, cream, fermented baked milk, fat cheeses and fatty sour cream. With cholecystitis, you can drink milk, especially with tea, you can also have condensed milk, not fatty cottage cheese, a little low-fat sour cream, but not sharp cheeses – Dutch, Russian.
Any canned products, smoked sausages, smoked fish, canned fish, pickled vegetables (cucumbers, tomatoes, etc.) are prohibited.
should be excluded – green onions, radish, garlic, spinach, radish, sorrel. From seasonings – pepper, horseradish, mustard, spicy ketchup, mayonnaise, ginger. Among the spices allowed, you can use dill, parsley, vanillin, cinnamon, cloves, bay leaf.
Very useful are semi-viscous and crumbly porridges, especially oatmeal and buckwheat (see oatmeal instead of medicines). If you wash rump in the evening, pour boiling water, add salt, warm it up and use it in the morning – this is the best way to preserve nutrients and vitamins. You can also vary your menu with various casseroles from cereals, pasta, you can make various puddings, vegetable and pasta garnishes.