Diverticulosis, as a rule, develops in people who do not pay enough attention to proper nutrition: the disease arises from excessive consumption of refined foods along with a small number of plant products. In advanced cases, the only method of treatment is surgical intervention. However, at the initial stages of the development of pathology, a diet with diverticulosis is successfully used – often a properly selected diet greatly facilitates the life of patients.
The essence of the diet with uncomplicated diverticulosis is to increase the consumption of fibrous food to prevent further progression of the disease. The patient should eat fully and in a balanced manner, taking into account the following features:
- increase the number of products in the menu with food fibers. As sources of fiber, bran and sprouted grains added to the main food, as well as sea kale, will serve. With good tolerance, we add any vegetable products. Also do not forget to drink more liquid to ensure the swelling of the fiber and move it along the digestive tract;
- we limit the food that causes increased gas production – these are legumes, cabbage, fresh milk, some vegetables and fruits with a rough structure. It is difficult to define a specific product, it is necessary to focus on the individual reaction of the patient to a particular product. Often unacceptable products are also seeds, seeds and nuts;
- with constipation, we focus on the use of dried fruits and sour-milk products, as well as on compliance with the drinking regime with a sufficient amount of clean water;
- we switch to food with the use of a large amount of fibrous food gradually, carefully watching the reaction of the digestive system. If at first there is soreness and bloating, then it is not necessary to worry: such phenomena will pass in a few days after changes in diet.
Therapeutic diet for diverticulosis
The diet is specifically designed to support the digestive system for diseases of the liver, gallbladder, stomach, pancreas, intestines. Nutrition according to this diet implies the selection of certain foods, with the appropriate temperature and frequency of food intake. Compliance with the diet allows you to facilitate the flow of fat and cholesterol metabolism, stimulate the release of bile and normalize the function of the gastrointestinal tract.
Restrictions in the diet relate mainly to fatty foods (due to refractory fats). The content of carbohydrates and proteins remains the same. From the menu exclude products with oxalic acid, essential oils, oxidized fats. Approximate daily intake of carbohydrates – 50 g, fat – 70 g (mostly vegetable), proteins – 100 g. Daily caloric intake – 2500-2800 kcal.
Particular attention is paid to increasing the total amount of pectin, lipotropics, liquid and natural dietary fiber.
Frequency of food intake for diverticulosis – about 5-6 receptions per day. Products are recommended to use boiled, baked, stewed, steamed. Food during cooking is thoroughly crushed or wiped. Do not eat too hot or too cold food.
Diet with exacerbation of diverticulosis
During acute diverticulosis, or during exacerbation of the chronic form of the disease, the features of dietary nutrition should depend on the symptomatology and severity of the disease. The diet can differ, beginning with the restriction of the use of certain foods (for example, the appointment of easily digestible food, which is usually used with significant symptoms of exacerbation) to ensure absolute rest of the intestine – fasting with parenteral nutrition.
After elimination of acute signs and stabilization of the patient’s condition, changes in nutrition should be directed to normalization of intestinal peristalsis and defecation. The diet should be enriched with fiber and coarse fiber, while controlling the digestive process and not allowing increased gas production. To do this, vegetable and fruit dishes should be prepared chopped, removing coarse skin, and eat often, but little by little. In the first week of exacerbation of diverticulosis, as well as several days after arresting the acute process, plant products are consumed only by heat treatment – raw vegetables and fruits in this period are best avoided.
- We have breakfast with egg omelette with vegetables, lemon tea.
- For the second breakfast you can prepare fresh cottage cheese with sour cream and dried fruits.
- We have lunch with vegetable soup with a piece of boiled beef, we drink it with compote on the basis of dried fruits.
- Snack is a baked apple.
- We have dinner with noodles from dark varieties of flour with carrots and tomatoes.
- We have breakfast: pancakes from carrots with sour cream.
- As a second breakfast, a banana will do.
- We have lunch with potato soup and a piece of boiled fish.
- Snack – tea from a dogrose with a cracker.
- We dine with buckwheat porridge with stewed eggplant.
- For breakfast: oatmeal.
- For the second breakfast yoghurt with fruit is suitable.
- Lunch: squash soup, chicken cutlets in a double boiler with vegetables.
- Snack: juice from an orange.
- We have supper: a potato casserole with a piece of fish and a salad.
- We have breakfast with cheese cakes and berries.
- For the second breakfast: banana cocktail.
- We dine with oat soup and cabbage rolls.
- Snack: salad from plums and apples.
- Dinner: a portion of lazy vareniki with sour cream.
- Breakfast: baked tomatoes with egg.
- For the second breakfast: berry jelly.
- We have lunch with pumpkin soup and a slice of chicken breast with a salad.
- We have a snack with salad from kiwi and orange.
- Supper: barley garnish with carrot cutlets.
- We have breakfast with buckwheat pancakes.
- For the second breakfast: a salad of carrots with an apple.
- We have lunch with tomato soup and rice-carrot meatballs.
- Snack: grapefruit.
- We are having dinner with a meat casserole with prunes.
- We have breakfast with pancakes with fruit puree.
- For the second breakfast berry mousse will suit.
- We have lunch with okroshka and low-fat steak with vegetables.
- Snack: yoghurt with fruit.
- Dinner: vegetable pilaf.
Every day at night, it is recommended to drink a glass of fresh yogurt or other sour-milk product. During the day, do not forget to drink clean water, you can mineral without gas.
What can you eat with diverticulosis?
In order to successfully cure diverticulosis or prevent an exacerbation of this disease, it is important to normalize intestinal peristalsis. This can be achieved by enriching the diet with a sufficient amount of fiber and liquid (mainly in the form of pure water).
- An integral part of the daily diet should be made bran. They can be purchased in its pure form – in health food stores, in organic products, etc. Also there are pharmaceutical supplements with bran: for example, “Siberian fiber”, etc. Bran and additives should be mixed with kefir or other fermented milk products.
- All kinds of vegetables that do not provoke an increase in gassing in the intestine. First of all, these are stewed vegetables: carrots, beets, zucchini and eggplant, potatoes, pumpkin, tomatoes, sweet potato, celery, etc.
- Fruits should be selected with individual tolerance. As a rule, apples, citrus fruits, avocados, bananas, melons, kiwis, etc., are well transferred by the digestive system.
- Cereals and cereals – especially good buckwheat, rice, oats, barley.
- Berries: strawberries, blueberries, strawberries, as well as cherries, cherries.
- Freshly sour milk products of small and medium fat content: yogurt, kefir, fermented baked milk, cottage cheese, etc.
- Freshly prepared juices (vegetable and fruit). With increased gas generation, they should be diluted halfway with water.
In general, all products for consumption need to be selected individually. It is important that the food consumed does not cause flatulence, but also contributes to good intestinal peristalsis. Indeed, someone feels fine after eating pea porridge, and someone puchit stomach from the usual oatmeal. Therefore, choose a menu with diverticulosis carefully, carefully listening to your own body. Choose products, trusting your feelings.
What can not eat with diverticulosis?
In an undesirable list of products were those that provoke constipation and enhance gas generation:
- beans, peas;
- tea with milk, whole milk, jelly;
- sweets, chocolate;
- fat, fatty meats;
- semolina porridge, white flour;
- white bread and buns, cookies, cakes and pastries;
- pasta from the highest grade flour;
- canned food, smoked products;
- marinades, sauces;
- old yogurt (more than 2-3 days);
- seeds, nuts;
- chips, snacks, salted nuts;
- semi-finished products, fast food.