Diet for dysbiosis is a way to restore the impaired functioning of the organs of the gastrointestinal tract. Consider the features of nutrition in the disorder of the intestines, tasty and useful recipes, menus.
As a rule, the diet is developed in accordance with the causes of dysbiosis. The patient is assigned a viscous, fresh, mucous food with a minimum amount of salt. If the disease is accompanied by diarrhea, then a more severe diet is prescribed. In addition to eating it is necessary to pay attention to the drinking regime. To normalize the digestive tract, you need to drink for 30-40 minutes before meals and after 2 hours after meals. It is strictly forbidden to drink alcohol and fermentation drinks (homemade wine, kvass). The right diet will help to cope with the disorder of the intestines without problems.
There are many factors that contribute to the disturbance of normal intestinal flora. Improper nutrition, rich in preservatives and semi-finished products, hot food, alcohol or spices, can lead to the development of the disease. To eliminate the consequences of such violations, the patient is assigned a special diet. The essence of the diet lies in the restoration of a healthy flora of the intestine and the recovery of the body. When preparing a therapeutic diet, factors such as:
- Features of the course of the underlying disease.
- Elimination of signs of dyspepsia.
- Prevention of hypovitaminosis and food allergies.
- Creation of favorable conditions for the growth of healthy microflora.
- Elimination of diarrhea and constipation.
Nutrition for each patient. The doctor makes the diet, focusing on the intolerance of certain products, the age of the patient and the severity of the symptoms of the disease. It is very important to adhere to 5-6 meals, that is, fractional meals. The diet should be balanced in terms of protein-energy composition.
- If dyspepsia is accompanied by flatulence, that is, fermentation processes, then you need to exclude carbohydrates, milk and raw vegetables. It is recommended to eat protein foods: eggs, chicken, cottage cheese, various cereals, boiled vegetables.
- With the prevalence of putrefactive processes, meat and fats should be limited. The main diet should be cereals, dairy products and boiled vegetables.
- With dyspepsia with constipation, the diet should be enriched with fiber, that is, raw vegetables, fruits and herbs. These products accelerate the passage of food through the intestines.
- If the disease is accompanied by diarrhea, then you should eat grated or boiled food at room temperature. Medicinal properties are compote of bird cherry, blueberries, pomegranate and decoction from the bark of oak.
Along with the diet, the patient is given probiotics and prebiotics to restore the intestinal microflora. The composition of probiotics include lactic acid microorganisms, that is, bifidobacteria and lactobacilli, which live in the healthy intestine. Prebiotics are substances that create a favorable environment for the growth of beneficial bacteria. So, for the recovery, the sufficiency is to restore a healthy microflora that will destroy the pathogenic bacteria.
Diet with a dysbiosis with diarrhea
In many patients, dysbacteriosis is accompanied by diarrhea, which complicates the course of the disease. Diarrhea can act as a symptom of colitis or chronic diseases of the gastrointestinal tract. For treatment, use drugs with lacto / bifidobacteria and proper nutrition. Diet for a dysbacteriosis with diarrhea begins with a short starvation 2-3 day. During this period it is recommended to drink more tea, herbal and berry broths, but without sugar. When using berry or fruit compotes, they must be filtered.
Basic dietary rules for dysbiosis with diarrhea:
- It is forbidden to eat fatty meat and fish, canned food, pickles, sausages, baked pastries, fresh vegetables and sweets. In the diet should be cereals with fiber, broths, fresh compotes and berry jelly.
- Eat regularly, often and in small portions. Systematic meals normalize the process of digestion and metabolism.
- The diet should consist of products with coarse fibers and fiber, as they normalize the motor functions of the intestine. Special attention should be paid to sour-milk products, they contain live bifidobacteria and lactobacilli.
Correctly composed diet restores motor functions of the intestine and flora balance.
Diet for dysbacteriosis with constipation
An intestinal disorder very often causes a lot of side symptoms. Patients may suffer from constipation, diarrhea, increased flatulence and even vomiting. To eliminate the disease, both medical therapy and therapeutic nutrition are used. The diet for dysbacteriosis with constipation should be rich in fiber, which is found in vegetables and fruits. To improve intestinal peristalsis, it is recommended to eat bran, sour-milk products, compote of rhubarb.
Various fruit purees, dairy products and juices normalize the passage of stools through the intestines and eliminate constipation. Salads from boiled vegetables, especially with cabbage, beets and prunes, perfectly cope with the problems of defecation. In order for the diet to be effective, you must follow the diet. 5-6 meals per day and the consumption of 2 L of liquid per day is the guarantee of a healthy body and the normal functioning of the digestive system.
Diet for adults with dysbiosis
Patients of all ages face such a problem as an imbalance in the intestinal microflora. Pathology can be caused by malnutrition or can result from prolonged treatment with antibacterial drugs and other medications. The diet for adults with dysbacteriosis is considered to be an effective and proven method of restoring normal functioning of the gastrointestinal tract and intestinal microflora.
Dietotherapy is built on strict adherence to diet. You can eat only the allowed foods, which have a favorable effect on the digestion process. Consider the rules for compiling a diet for an upset stomach in adults:
- Exclude the use of any alcoholic beverages, soda, juice juices with preservatives, as they have a disastrous effect on the functioning of the body.
- Under the ban fall greasy dishes, spicy, smoked, as well as canned food, sausages, various spices and sauces. Fresh greens perfectly fights with pathogenic microflora, so it is worth to increase its amount in the diet.
- Limit the use of baked pastries and sweets. It is allowed to eat dried fruits, if there is constipation, then prunes and dried apricots will help to cope with it. Fresh fruits, berries, compotes, fruit drinks, marshmallows, marmalade and jam – are allowed during the diet.
- In the diet should be a lot of protein foods (boiled meat and fish, low-fat cottage cheese, yogurt). From white bread it is necessary to refuse, but to give preference to hardwood and semicircle baking.
- Immediately after eating, you can not drink water, since the liquid that has entered the stomach neutralizes gastric juice. This complicates the process of digesting food.
Along with the diet, patients may be prescribed probiotics and prebiotics. These drugs improve the work of the intestines and restore a healthy composition of the flora.
Diet for nursing mothers with dysbiosis
After giving birth, many women face such an unpleasant phenomenon as dysbiosis. To diagnose the disease, tests are performed for the microflora. But sometimes even without tests, the appearance of a characteristic symptomatology indicates a disorder. The disease can appear due to various infections, endocrine and allergic diseases, lesions of the genitourinary system or organs of the gastrointestinal tract.
Diet for nursing mothers with dysbacteriosis – this is the only method to eliminate malaise. This is due to the fact that antibacterial therapy, which can be prescribed to eliminate the root cause of a stomach disorder, is undesirable when lactating. Let’s consider the basic recommendations on drawing up:
- It is necessary to adhere to a diet, that is to eat 5-6 once a day in small portions. This will normalize the work of the gastrointestinal tract, accelerate metabolism and will have a beneficial effect on the entire body.
- The basis of the diet should be porridge, rich in fiber. Useful protein food, for example, boiled meat and fish, egg whites, lentils.
- The menu should include vegetables, fruits, berries and greens. Vegetables should be steamed, boiled or baked. From fruits you can cook a variety of purees, compotes and fruit drinks.
- From fresh bread it is necessary to refuse. It is better to eat yesterday’s bakery products, pastry from coarse flour and rye. You can not eat cakes and pastries with cream fillings, as they will exacerbate the symptoms of dysbiosis.
- Do not forget about the drinking regime. Drink better for 30-40 minutes before meals and after 1-2 hours after it. During the meal, the liquid is not taken, as this will dilute the gastric juice and worsen digestion.
- Various spices, seasonings and sauces should be limited, as they cause irritation of the mucous membrane of the gastrointestinal tract. Sauces should be prepared independently, for example, mayonnaise, ketchup. Artificial food additives can be replaced with fresh herbs and spices useful for the body.
In addition to diet, women are prescribed sparing medications that eliminate pathogenic microorganisms and colonize the body with useful bacteria. For this use Linex, Bififorme, Hilak-forte, Dufalac and medicines with lactobacilli.
Diet for children with dysbiosis
The child’s organism is unprotected from various viruses and infections. It is children who suffer most from disorders of the intestinal microflora. Diet for children with dysbiosis is prescribed by a pediatrician. The doctor is guided by the age of the child and the causes of malaise. During treatment, it is contraindicated to give the child any semi-finished products – shop porridge and food, juices, various purees. Dairy products, that is, natural yoghurts without additives, kefir, will be useful. On their basis, you can cook porridge, for example, oatmeal, buckwheat or millet.
If the symptoms characteristic of the disease appeared in infants, then the best treatment is mother’s milk. With it, you can restore a healthy microflora in the intestines of the baby. To do this, mom needs to eat right. Useful are vegetables, fruits, greens, sour-milk and protein foods, cereals. The diet should be diluted with useful decoctions of chamomile, fennel, dog rose, dill.
If the disease occurred in older children, then from the diet it is necessary to exclude salty, spicy and spicy dishes. Under the ban fall various smoked meats, fried, canned food, sausages and, of course, sweets. The children’s menu should include boiled vegetables, soups, mashed potatoes, liquid and mucous porridges, sour-milk products and low-fat beverages. To normalize digestion and prevent constipation, the child can be given salads from boiled beets, baked apples, prunes and kissels. During the diet the child should be observed at the pediatrician.
For the treatment of bowel dysfunction use both drug treatment and diet therapy. But after the restoration of the natural microflora and the normal functioning of the organs of the gastrointestinal tract, one should not forget about the rules of nutrition. The diet after a dysbacteriosis prevents its relapses and represents bases of a correct, that is a healthy food.
- After recovery, do not forget about the diet. Regular meals – this is the guarantee of normal operation of the stomach. It is strictly forbidden to overeat, especially various semi-finished products.
- Do not abuse alcohol and any alcoholic beverages, they negatively affect the work of the organs of the gastrointestinal tract.
- Sharp, peppered, salted, fried and fatty dishes are not recommended for use. Such food can provoke not only a dysbacteriosis, but also violations in the work of the liver.
- Do not forget about the drinking regime. In a day you need to drink about 2 L of liquid. You can drink for 30-40 minutes before meals and an hour after. If you drink while eating, it will lead to flatulence and easy disruption of the stomach.
The above recommendations do not have strict limitations. But anything that goes beyond their limits can trigger a relapse of the disease. Various violations of the diet during treatment can cause even more upset stomach, malfunction in the gallbladder and liver, cause nervousness, headaches and irritability. If the diet was observed by all rules, then diarrhea stops, normal stool is restored, heartburn, colic, flatulence and abdominal pains. Another plus of therapeutic nutrition is the recovery of the body and a small weight loss up to 3 kg.