Dyspepsia refers to diseases that are accompanied by a digestive disorder. Considering the reasons that trigger the development of the pathological process, dyspepsia is divided into pathology associated with disruption of certain parts of the digestive tract or with insufficient formation of enzymes involved in digestion. In the latter case, it is also possible to isolate intestinal, gastric, pancreatic and hepatic dyspepsia. In a separate group, alimentary dyspepsia associated with alimentary disorders is identified, this article describes fermentation, putrefaction and fatty indigestion.
In order to prevent and treat dyspepsia, first of all pay attention to the nutrition of patients who are prescribed a certain diet. Simultaneously, the treatment of the underlying disease, which promotes the appearance of bouts of dyspepsia, chronic gastritis, pancreatitis, etc.,
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Recommendations for a diet for dyspepsia
The diet recommended by the doctor depends on the nature of the disease, at the same time, there are general recommendations suitable for almost all patients. Nutrition for dyspepsia should be fractional and frequent. This principle underlies all diet therapy.
Patients suffering from dyspepsia are not recommended to eat a large amount of food for dinner, and it is undesirable to starve during the day. There is better in a quiet environment, while not reading and not watching TV. It is very important for patients to quit smoking, so as not to complicate the course of the disease.
The diet should include the first dishes (soups and broths) without fail. It is recommended to abandon artificial food additives, dyes, preservatives, etc. Food and drinks should be warm – not cold and not hot. The therapeutic diet excludes flour yeast products, rice, tomato paste, fruit juices, vegetables and fruits in raw form. Of the drinks recommended water, weak tea, and carbonated beverages should certainly be excluded. When fermented dyspepsia, the diet of patients does not include foods rich in carbohydrates, the patient is recommended protein food (broth, ears, boiled meat, cottage cheese, butter).
Putrefactive dyspepsia implies the rejection of foods rich in protein. Patients are recommended cereal decoctions, crackers, river fish, apples. Gradually, the patients' diet is enriched with wheat bread, low-fat meat varieties, fish broth, soups, dry biscuits, chicken, turkey, potatoes, zucchini, eggs, berry souffle, etc.
Diet for dyspepsia caused by excessive consumption of fatty foods is reduced to replacing animal fats with vegetable, and their quantity is also significantly reduced.
Patients are useful adsorbing drugs, vitamin preparations; with dyspepsia, caused by a violation of the exocrine function of the digestive system, enzyme preparations, hydrochloric acid, anesthetics and drugs for the treatment of dysbiosis are prescribed.
Among the main factors causing dyspepsia, there is a lack of special digestive enzymes, which causes the syndrome of insufficient absorption. Often the cause of dyspepsia is a significant error in nutrition. In this case, we are talking about alimentary dyspepsia.
Perfectly normalizes all metabolic processes in the body following composition, recommended folk medicine for the treatment of dyspepsia: honey – 625 grams, aloe – 375 grams, red wine – 675 grams. Aloe is grinded on a meat grinder (before a cut it is not necessary to water a plant about five days).
With dyspepsia, the following symptoms are observed: vomiting, frequent stools (6-8 once a day), regurgitation. The chair at the child becomes green, has an unpleasant sour smell, and it can be found white lumps. The child loses body weight. Dyspepsia is accompanied by loss of appetite and bloating. Do not be confused.
The factor contributing to the development of pathology is the diet, the observance of which in this case can be called exaggerated. Provokes the emergence of symptoms of fermentation dyspepsia, a diet rich in carbohydrates, especially if you eat raw vegetable fiber in food.
Putrefactive dyspepsia is a consequence of the intensification of putrefactive processes in the large intestine and in some sections of the small intestine. If the secretory function of the gastrointestinal tract is impaired and the bactericidal properties of the gastric juice decrease due to the low acidity of the stomach contents, the upper part of the small intestine.
Dyspepsia in pregnant women in most cases is associated with the transfer of acidic stomach contents into the esophagus, the so-called acid reflux. It can cause heartburn and a number of other unpleasant symptoms. To remove the manifestations of the disease, pregnant women are prescribed antacids, and in case of chronic course of the disease.
Too much food, frequent feeding, premature feeding, an abundance of flour in the baby's diet can cause indigestion. The disease becomes the cause of weight loss in a child, the newborn is suffering from vomiting, constipation, diarrhea, he suffers from indigestion of the stomach.
The cause of alimentary intestinal dyspepsia can become a monotonous diet for a long time when eating one type of food. This type of dyspepsia is divided into several subspecies: fermentation, putrefaction and fat.
Dyspepsia refers to a complex of symptoms related to diseases of the upper GI tract: pain, discomfort in the abdomen, heaviness after eating, increased gas production, nausea, vomiting. Dyspepsia can be paroxysmal, occur sporadically, the symptoms of the disease can torment the patient constantly, intensifying after eating. In 40% of cases the causes of dyspepsia are organic.
The breakdown products of protein foods, as well as toxic substances, destroy the intestinal wall and have an adverse effect on the interoceptors. With the current of blood, toxins reach the liver and disrupt its function. The metabolic processes (exsicosis and acidosis) suffer, some functions of the central nervous system also change, which is the cause.
Functional dyspepsia in almost half of cases occurs in combination with irritable bowel syndrome, so specialists refer it to a group of biopsychosocial diseases. The main causes of this pathology include psychological trauma and stress. It is these factors that are revealed in.
From chronic dyspepsia affects many people of all age categories, both male and female. The disease is considered chronic if its symptoms are noted in a person for seven days a month. Symptoms of chronic dyspepsia are quite unpleasant and are often accompanied by pain. However, even in the case of a disease transition into a chronic form, the patient's condition can be alleviated.
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