The gallbladder is the organ of the human body, in which bile comes from the liver for further excretion into the intestine. The gallbladder consists of muscle tissue that has a contractile function. When the functions of the contractile tissue are disturbed, the main reservoir of bile and the entire bile excreting system fails, which inevitably leads to stagnation of bile, formation of stones and development of dangerous diseases – cholecystitis, discenza and cholelithiasis.
Unhealthy and unhealthy diet, a sedentary lifestyle and disregard for the advice of doctors are the main reasons for the failure of the gallbladder.
Therapeutic ration: allowed foods
Diet in diseases of the gallbladder is prescribed by the doctor individually for each patient. In each individual case, the patient’s diet can have its own characteristics. So, with acute cholecystitis, the patient’s diet should consist exclusively of liquid products – vegetable soups, herbal teas, and water diluted with water. Whereas in chronic cholecystitis, the patient menu can be more diverse.
The diet is characterized by a normal content of proteins and carbohydrates with reduced intake of fats and has the following chemical composition:
The value of the diet is approximately 2500 calories per day
Answering the question about what can be eaten in diseases of the gallbladder, nutritionists note that the list of allowed products includes:
- vegetable and milk soups, soups on cereals;
- Low-fat meat and poultry (veal, turkey, chicken, rabbit);
- dairy products (cottage cheese, kefir, yogurt, milk, sour cream);
- eggs in limited quantities;
- cereals (buckwheat, oatmeal, semolina);
- vegetables (cabbage, carrots, onions, zucchini, green peas);
- fruit and berries (apples, pears, sweet cherries, bananas);
- sweets (honey, marmalade, jam, pastille, jam);
- some sauces and spices (dill, vanillin, parsley);
- drinks (not strong tea, broth of dogrose, kissel, compote, unconcentrated juice);
- vegetable oil;
- butter in limited quantities.
Products that are allowed for gallbladder diseases are used to prepare dishes that are steamed, brewed, baked, sometimes stewed
Useful products for the gallbladder
The most valuable products for problems with the gallbladder are:
- Apples. Due to the high content of pectins and iron in their composition, they contribute to improving the quality of bile secretion.
- Carrot and pumpkin. They differ in the high content of carotene, which, when transformed into vitamin A, normalizes the work of the gallbladder and other organs.
- Beet and cabbage. These vegetables are actively involved in the formation of bile.
- Rosehips. It is an inexhaustible source of vitamin C, which is required to ensure the normal operation of the gallbladder.
- Sea kale. This product contains a large amount of iodine, which is an indispensable tool for the prevention of diseases of the digestive system.
- Dried apricots and dates. These products are a source of potassium, which is necessary to maintain the contractile function of the gall bladder tissue.
In diseases of the main reservoir of bile (especially in the chronic form of cholelithiasis) it is useful to drink mineral water.
Duration of treatment with mineral water is determined only by a doctor
Answering a question of patients about what products the gallbladder does not like, dieticians note that it is primarily about fried, spicy and fatty foods.
Also under strict prohibition for diseases and inflammation of the gallbladder are products such as chocolate, buns, spinach, sorrel, smoked products, coffee, ice cream, cakes, creams, sausage, sour fruits and berries.
Alcohol, sweet fizzy drinks, semi-finished products, fried and smoked dishes, sausages and other harmful products are strictly forbidden in diseases of the main bile tank
Dietary recipes and recommended menus for gallbladder disease
The menu of patients can be as follows:
Breakfast: oatmeal or buckwheat cereal in vegetable oil, cottage cheese, soft tea or a brew of fruits.
Second breakfast: vegetables or fruit.
Lunch: soup from vegetables and cereals, a piece of boiled meat (chicken, veal or turkey), jelly or a drink from dried fruits.
Afternoon snack: tea or decoction of rose hips, dry biscuits.
Supper: lean porridge, boiled fish, not strong tea.
Second dinner: low-fat milk or kefir.
Since the diet with the gallbladder should stimulate the outflow of bile, in the daily diet of the patient must be present vegetable oil
An important place in the patient’s diet is given to decoctions of cholagogue plants (dog rose, St. John’s wort, tansy, immortelle).
Nutrition after removal of the gallbladder
Despite the fact that modern medicine knows a lot of funds for the treatment of gallbladder diseases, sometimes they are ineffective, and then the patient is assigned cholecystectomy.
And although such an operation in medical practice is considered relatively simple and safe, the postoperative period requires special attention from both the attending physician and the patient himself.
Both after laparoscopy and after laparotomy, patients are prescribed a special diet, which is aimed at restoring biliary excretory functions and metabolism in the body as soon as possible.
Compliance with diet after removal of a sick body is the main condition for rapid recovery
In the first day after the operation, patients are forbidden to eat and drink, they are only allowed to moisten their lips with water or herbal decoctions. Only on the second day patients without a gallbladder are allowed to drink water or unsweetened broth of wild rose.
On the third day after cholecystectomy (in the absence of complications), the patient’s diet significantly expands. The patient can eat mashed potatoes, mashed vegetable soups, boiled fish of low-fat varieties, and drink light tea, pumpkin or apple juice.
In the first week after the operation, the patient’s diet should be fractional (not less than 8 once a day), while the portion weight should not exceed 200 g.
Even after discharge from the hospital during the first month, patients need to maintain a sparing diet, the main principle of which is fractional nutrition (5-6 once a day) in small portions. The therapeutic diet in this case should include boiled meals or steamed food.
In the menu of the patient with the removed gallbladder can be:
- Low-fat varieties of meat and fish, steamed or boiled;
- steam cutlets, meatballs or meatballs;
- Vegetable or mashed potatoes with the addition of vegetable or butter;
- steam omelettes;
- porridge of oats, wheat or buckwheat, cooked on water or milk, diluted with water in the proportion of 1: 1;
- vegetable and milk soups;
- steamed vegetables;
- not strong tea, fruit jelly, broth of a dogrose.
In a month after removal of the gallbladder, you can go on a general diet and include in the diet more diverse products (salads dressed with vegetable oil, eggs, milk, stews, beef). However, patients who do not have a gallbladder are strictly prohibited from drinking alcohol, fried, sharp and smoked dishes, pickled and canned foods, cakes and cakes with cream.
Nutrition of the patient after cholecystectomy is appointed by the attending physician
In case of a disorder, as well as with abdominal pain in the postoperative period, it is necessary to abandon meat dishes and milk foods and consult a doctor.
Answering the question about how long the recovery period lasts after removal of the gallbladder, doctors note that the length of the rehabilitation period depends on the complexity of the operation and patient compliance with the prescribed regimen and diet. However, as practice proves, after 4-6 months after cholecystectomy, people who eat properly and follow a diet can return to their habitual lifestyle and eat almost without restrictions.
The consequences of non-compliance with diet in diseases of the gallbladder
Failure to comply with diet with cholelithiasis, as well as other diseases of the main reservoir of bile can threaten a person with various troubles. And it’s not just about the deterioration of overall health and the occurrence of pain in the gallbladder, but also about the development of such dangerous diseases and complications:
- a caulinian abscess;
- gangrene of the gallbladder;
- edema of the gallbladder;
- formation of stones.
Diet in diseases of the gallbladder is of key importance for patients who suffer from cholecystitis, cholelithiasis or have experienced cholecystectomy. Correctly selected, balanced and useful, such a diet will avoid numerous complications, speed up the healing process, restore the digestive system and maintain their health for many years.