Gastritis is one of the most common diseases of our time. Frequent snacks and meals on the run, a wide variety of fast food, poisoning with poor-quality food – all this can cause gastritis. Probably, that’s why many people now suffer from stomach problems. But how to deal with them?
For this purpose, it is not necessary to take medications at all times, the main thing in treatment is a proper and well-chosen diet that will not cause irritation of the mucous and exacerbation of the disease, but at the same time will saturate the body with all the necessary macronutrients and vitamins.
Diet for gastritis of the stomach: a menu for a week
- Try to eat 5-6 once a day in small portions. You should not feel hungry. Let it be 3 full meal: breakfast, lunch and dinner, as well as small snacks.
- The basis of your diet should be a liquid or ground food.
- Choose foods that will benefit you most: cereals, soups, fish, meat, eggs, cottage cheese, milk and sour milk products, whole grains or rye bread, fruits, vegetables and berries.
- Pay attention to expiration dates. Give preference to natural foods that have undergone minimal processing. It is better to choose yogurt with a week shelf life than the one stored for six months.
- Eat the calories you need, which can easily be calculated using special programs on the Internet.
- In your diet, proteins (meat and fish, cottage cheese, cheese, milk, eggs), fats (vegetable and butter, cheese, yolk eggs, nuts), carbohydrates (cereals, pasta, fruit, dried fruits) must be present every day in your diet.
- Cook the food for a couple, in a multivariate or bake in the oven. Another cooking option is grilled without oil.
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Nutrition rules for gastritis
Important! Drink 1-2 a liter of clean water a day. This is the main recommendation for the nutrition of not only a person with gastritis, but also for a healthy person.
In this disease, it is contraindicated to eat food that irritates the walls of the stomach. Also, it is necessary to minimize the consumption of food, which causes a profuse formation of gastric juice. Such products include:
- fried and smoked food;
- chips and croutons;
- food cooked in a lot of oil;
- purchased sweets;
- ice cream;
- products from wheat flour;
- lemonades and soda;
- packaged juices;
- mayonnaise, ketchup and purchased sauces;
- fast food;
Fast food is strictly forbidden for gastritis
Although this list and it seems pretty impressive, it’s useful and tasty to eat very simply. Remember that many products are interchangeable. For example, instead of harmful mayonnaise, you can prepare a homemade sauce made from natural yogurt, eggs and sunflower oil. Purchased sweets can easily be replaced with curd, honey, fruit and dried fruits, sugar-free jams or nuts. So there is always a replacement option.
What can and can not be done with gastritis
It is important to understand that the same product for different manufacturers can have a completely different composition. But it depends on the composition, whether you can eat this or that food. So always pay attention to it. Pay special attention to on these ingredients:
- E-104, E-102 – promote the occurrence of diseases of the gastrointestinal tract;
- E-122, E-123 – have a negative effect on digestion;
- E-150, E-151 – interfere with the normal process of digesting food;
- E-220 – E-226 – cause pain in the stomach;
- E-322 – irritates the walls of the stomach.
Of course, these are not all supplements that negatively affect our health. So try to always choose natural products without extra preservatives.
Products with gastritis
After reading the list of prohibited products, it may appear that there is almost no diversity in food. In fact, this is far from the case. You can eat tasty and useful, focusing on these foods:
- liquid porridges cooked on water or milk;
- vegetable soups with the addition of cereals;
- Milk or cream with medium or high fat content;
- omelet, boiled egg or soft boiled eggs;
- vegetable and fruit purees;
- boiled, baked or stewed fish or meat;
- honey, marshmallow, pastille, natural marmalade;
- a small amount of sugar in tea or coffee;
- vegetable and butter;
- macaroni and rice;
- fresh vegetables, fruits and berries;
- cottage cheese with an average percentage of fat content;
- steamed dried fruits;
- jam or jam;
- weakly boiled tea or coffee;
- mineral water, from which gas was previously released;
- Freshly squeezed juice diluted in half with water;
- sour cream or own cooking sauce.