Grapefruit is a citrus tree growing in the subtropics.
His motherland is, according to different versions, Jamaica, India or Barbados, but to date the largest producer of this fruit is the United States of America.
The grapefruit's fruit resembles a bunch of grapes by its arrangement on a branch.
Each fruit is quite large and can reach 500.
The appearance of this citrus, according to scientists, contributed to the natural crossing of two fruits – orange and pimple, the taste of which took over the grapefruit.
There are three varieties of it – white, red and pink, – they differ in the color of the pulp and have slightly different properties.
By the way, white grapefruit has no less useful properties than red, it is recommended to protect the shell of the colon and also it lowers the level of cholesterol.
Grapefruit composition and its calorie content
The juice of this fruit is rich in vitamins A, C, which are antioxidants, vitamins B1 and B2, D, P, as well as substances such as magnesium, sodium, potassium, zinc, phosphorus, cobalt, iron and calcium.
The water content is 90%, sugars (glucose, sucrose) – 4 – 7%.
- bioflavonoids – protect against cancer and heart disease;
Caloric content 100 gram of grapefruit is 29 – 35 Kcal.
The content in 100 grams of proteins is 0,7 g, fat is 0,2 g, and carbohydrates 6,5 g.
Benefits of grapefruit for health
The benefits of this fruit is difficult to overestimate.
It has a curative effect on a huge list of various diseases.
- Helps reduce blood pressure and cholesterol, improves blood circulation. The source of naringin responsible for this property is white bitter septa, so they should not be removed when using grapefruit;
Prevents development of cancer tumors;
Separately, you can mention the peel of grapefruit, which has similar beneficial properties.
With bleeding gums, you can prepare an infusion: grind a little peel, about 1 a tablespoon, pour it with a glass of boiling water and insist 4 hours.
Rinse gum after eating.
For this, take a cold grapefruit and a little honey, cut the fruit into two halves and take out the pulp with a spoon.
It should be chopped together with honey in a blender until it is puree, after which the juice is ready.
Using half of this fruit, daily before meals, you can get rid of 2 kilograms for three months, and without the use of diets.
After eating a little fruit for the night, you will get rid of insomnia.
Grapefruit is also actively used in cooking, making from it juices and liqueurs, jam and candied fruit.
If you pour it on the juice of meat or liver, their taste will improve.
You can also soak for half an hour in grapefruit juice fish, so that the dish is more delicious.
Read in this article what foods contain carbohydrates, in the table. Eat deliciously and correctly!
Everyone who wants to eat properly should know where the trans fats are kept, and you can read detailed information here: http: //notefood.ru/pishhevye-veshhestva/zhiry/chto-takoe-tranjiru.html
Contraindications and harm
In addition to the obvious useful properties, grapefruit has a number of contraindications to use that can harm your health.
So, it can not be used with increased gastric acidity, with gastric ulcer, hepatitis, gastritis, enteritis, colitis, acute nephritis, cystitis, since it can irritate the kidneys and mucous membrane of the stomach.
If you take medications to lower blood pressure, then in no case can not drink them with the juice of this fruit, because it interferes with the work of the enzyme responsible for the cleavage of such drugs.
As a result, the medicine lasts longer than expected, causing various side effects: dizziness, palpitations, reddening of the face.
You can not also use grapefruit when taking birth control pills, because their effect is significantly reduced, or even completely vanishes.
The same effect he has on antidepressants.
And in general it was noticed that freshly squeezed grapefruit juice does not combine with most drugs, either increasing their concentration in the blood, or reducing their effect several times.
Therefore, if you are undergoing a course of treatment, it is better to forget about this delicious drink for a while in order to avoid serious health problems.
Long-term use of this fruit, badly affects the condition of tooth enamel, so you need to rinse after it and from time to time stop taking it.
It is not necessary to use the skin of the fruit as food, because when it was grown it was treated with chemicals aimed at destroying pests.
It is clear that all these substances are concentrated in the flesh of the fetus, therefore from it there will be no benefit to your health.
But, of course, all these contraindications do not mean that you should forever give up grapefruit.
Rules of choice and storage
When choosing a fruit, you need to focus on its appearance and weight – it should seem heavy for its size, and the shape of the fruit should be correct.
To the touch, the grapefruit should be dense.
The intensity of the color depends on the content of beta-carotene in the fruit, which affects the taste.
Consequently, the brighter the fruit, the sweeter it is. Also a guide can serve as a fragrance – it is stronger in ripe and juicy grapefruits.
Pay attention to the presence of matte peel – this indicates a lower degree of processing chemicals.
Since after harvesting, it does not ripen, then it is not worth choosing an unripe fruit.
Such fruits are stored best at a temperature of 10 – 14 ° C and not longer than 10 days.
It should be taken into account that the higher the degree of ripeness of the fetus, the less it will be stored.
As a conclusion we can say that grapefruit is a real storehouse of vitamins and many useful substances with which you can improve your health and, if necessary, also throw off a couple of extra pounds, completely not adhering to any diets and without restricting yourself to eating.
It is only necessary to remember some contraindications to avoid the harmful effects of fruit on the body.
In this video, we'll look at the benefits and harms of eating such a wonderful fruit, like grapefruit.
I heard that with the help of grapefruit you can lose weight. Is this really so or is it a myth? If yes, how much and when should it be eaten for this?
It is believed that the aroma and useful properties of grapefruit positively affect a person, help keep him in tone and normalize many of the body's processes.