Hepatosis of the liver is a serious disease, during which there is thinning of the cells of this organ and accumulation of a large amount of fat in them. Among a wide range of predisposing factors for the onset of the disease is the random reception of medications, long-standing addiction to alcoholic beverages, and the irrational diet and the presence of any degree of obesity in a person. But in some cases, the cause of the formation can serve as vegetarianism. Despite the severe course and multiple factors of the onset of such a disease, it is reversible, to which the properly selected diet in liver hepatosis contributes more.
Gentle nutrition with a similar disease is based on such rules as:
- adjustment and normalization of all functions of the affected organ;
- recovery and normalization of fat metabolism;
- stimulating the secretion of bile, which plays an important role in the process of digestion.
Often with this disease, patients are shown a diet. The general characteristics of such therapeutic nutrition include:
- The calorie content of consumed meals should not be more than three thousand kilocalories;
- carbohydrates – no more than 400 gr., the fourth part of which must necessarily belong to the easily assimilated group;
- Fats – no more than eighty grams, half of them – vegetable;
- proteins – about one hundred and fifty grams, more than half should be of animal origin;
- temperature regime of dishes – shows food consumption only at room temperature;
- salt – no more than ten grams;
- liquid – not less than 1.5 liters.
These figures are calculated by gastroenterologists for one day.
In addition, the diet provides for the exclusion from the diet of fatty and spicy dishes, as well as alcoholic beverages. Patients are recommended fractional meals in small portions, it is best to eat every day at the same time.
Rationally composed gastroenterologists and nutritionists with such a disorder makes it possible not only to stop the inhibition of the pathological process, but also is aimed at restoring the affected liver tissue.
Nutrition for liver hepatosis according to diet table number five excludes absolutely all foods that adversely affect the affected organ, i.e., containing a large number of substances such as cholesterol and purine.
In cases of diagnosing such an ailment it is strictly forbidden to use:
- fried foods – they make it difficult to digest food;
- carbohydrates are easily assimilated – as they quickly transform into fats;
- such foods that can cause complications of the disease;
- ingredients that entail irritation of the gastric membrane and increased production of gastric contents. Such a process, in turn, activates the functioning of the gastrointestinal tract and can lead to increased bile formation, thereby increasing the burden on the affected organ;
- products that lead to increased formation of gases.
The list of prohibited products includes:
- first dishes, on fatty and rich soups;
- Coffee, cocoa-containing and carbonated drinks, grape juice;
- by-products, to which include the liver, tongue and heart;
- smoked products and canned food;
- fresh pastry and bread made from yeast or puff pastry;
- hard cheeses;
- fatty dairy and sour-milk products;
- spices and marinades;
- fried eggs;
- sharp sauces and mayonnaise;
- vegetables that enhance the release of acidic gastric contents;
- greens, in large quantities;
- berries and fruits without heat treatment;
Absolutely all dishes used in liver hepatosis must be cooked for steaming, boiling or baking. Stewed food is allowed once a week, it is allowed to flavor the dishes with butter.
The list of permitted products is those products that contain a large number of substances that can dissolve fats. They stimulate the removal of excess fat from the liver. Also shown is the use of a large amount of fiber. It requires a longer time for digestion and creates a feeling of satiety, which prevents overeating.
The list of what can be eaten with liver hepatosis, fall:
- vegetable and dairy first dishes;
- Any porridge – cooked with the addition of water and milk;
- albuminous omelets;
- yesterday’s or dried bread, the best of bran;
- softened mild and unsalted cheese, as well as low-fat dairy products;
- Vegetables and potatoes in boiled or baked form;
- bananas, apples and pomegranate;
- boiled egg – but only once a week;
- fresh salads;
- butter in small quantities;
- vegetable or milk sauces;
- baked fruit of sweet varieties;
- soy sauce;
- sunflower seeds and pumpkin;
- compote, juices, kissel and a weak herbal tea.
All food should be finely chopped or crushed. However, people with such a disease should remember that for a long time such a diet should not be adhered to, because the body can refuse to take regular food. It is for this reason that treatment with diet therapy should be under the full control of the attending physician.
Many patients find it difficult to get used to a new diet, because they mistakenly think that cooked dishes from the permitted products will be insipid and tasteless. To disprove this, the doctors during the consultation make an approximate menu for the week with liver hepatosis:
- Monday – buckwheat, with the addition of a small amount of butter, protein steam omelet, apple puree, oatmeal cookies. You can drink light tea without sugar, kefir or juice;
- Tuesday – oatmeal, bread with bran, light soup, baked turkey fillet, cottage cheese with fruit, pilaf from chicken, tea or compote;
- Wednesday – semolina with dried fruits, buckwheat with boiled beef, fresh vegetable salad, baked fish, apple puree, juice or tea;
- Thursday – steam omelette, steamed fish and vegetable soup, rice casserole, stewed vegetables with chicken fillet and tea;
- Friday – buckwheat with a piece of hard cheese, vegetable puree with boiled meat, seafood salad, tea with honey or juice;
- Saturday – any cereal and fruit, beetroot, steamed chicken and buckwheat, baked turkey fillet with apples, mors or kissel;
- Sunday – omelet with vegetables, vegetable soup, fish with mashed potatoes, rice with seafood, tea or juice.
Necessity of dietary nutrition
Compliance with diet for liver hepatosis leads to a normalization of metabolic processes, in particular fat. This favorably affects the removal of fat from this organ and the accumulation in it of a useful substance of glycogen. Often, proper diet compliance contributes to a quick recovery, and, if necessary, normalizes body weight.
Reducing the burden on the hepatitis-affected organ facilitates the functioning of the intestine and pancreas, and also reduces the likelihood of developing severe complications of this ailment.
In addition, compliance with the rules of gentle nutrition can eliminate the need for medication, which has a beneficial effect on the liver.
Despite the large number of positive aspects of the diet, in cases of assuming any errors, there is a chance of developing severe complications. These include:
- chronic cholecystitis;
- cirrhosis of the liver;
- development of secondary diabetes mellitus;
- disorders of the cardiovascular system;
- chronic ailments of the digestive tract;
- the formation of neoplasms in the organs of the reproductive system;
- decrease of the immune system.
An additional condition that can effectively complement the beneficial effect of diet are exercise. They are recommended to be performed half an hour three times a week. In addition, you can and should perform walking tours after each meal.