Diet in hernia is the basis of recovery. Consider the basic principles of therapeutic nutrition, banned and allowed products, an approximate diet.
The disease is one of the most common, the treatment of which involves surgery and a long recovery period. It is a protrusion of the viscera together with the parietal leaf of the abdominal cavity through a small defect in the muscular layer of the peritoneal wall under the skin. There are many types of pathology: femoral, inguinal, umbilical, postoperative, hiatal hernia, vertebral, strangulated.
Treatment of a hernia diet involves a review of diet. Dietotherapy is considered a key measure to achieve a positive outcome of treatment. Proper use of food allows you to eliminate such disorders as: heartburn, nausea, pain behind the chest, provoking a variety of diseases, including hernia. The diet should be built on simple rules:
- Refusal of food, provoking bloating.
- The use of thermally processed products.
- Fractional power (not less than 5-6 once a day).
- Eliminating overeating and giving up food for 3 hours before bedtime.
- Eating food sparingly.
As a rule, an adjustment is made by a doctor, focusing on the characteristics of the patient’s body. This approach allows you to achieve maximum positive results in a short time. Regardless of the type of hernia, acute and fatty foods are inevitably excluded from the diet, contributing to irritation of the gastric mucosa and weighting of the esophagus. Fried negatively affects the work of the digestive system and can cause pain in the diaphragmatic area. In this case, pain can localize in the heart region, which is mistakenly perceived as the symptoms of another ailment.
Under the ban fall any alcoholic beverages, strong coffee and tea. This is due to the fact that they increase acidity in the esophagus, causing unpleasant sensations. Minimize the use of baked goods, sour-milk drinks, cabbage, peas and grapes. In this case, for better assimilation of food, it is recommended to sleep in such a position that the head is slightly elevated.
In addition to changes in food, for rapid recovery of the body requires physical exercise. This prevents the progression of the disease and prevents obesity. Complex therapeutic exercises are not loads on the weakened organism, since they do not harm, but only strengthen, restore and correct muscle masses.
What is the diet for hernia and what are the main rules of diet therapy? So, the treatment is aimed at restoring the normal functioning of all body systems. For these purposes, the correct, that is, healthier diet, which provides for the rejection of harmful food, is very suitable.
I’ll have to completely reconsider my attitude to food. You need to eat often, but in small portions, that is, adhere to a fractional principle. Particular attention is paid to the drinking regime. Water starts the process of metabolism and accelerates the process of recovery. All dishes must be thoroughly heat treated. It is desirable to cook food, bake, stew or cook for a couple. Solid food should undergo careful processing in order not to irritate the mucous membranes of the intestine and not cause increased gas formation, flatulence or constipation.
Various spices, seasonings, sauces, marinades and salt are not used during treatment. Since they affect the level of acidity and can cause a number of unfavorable symptoms on the part of the digestive organs. All food should be fresh, saturated with vitamins, minerals and trace elements.
The therapeutic diet with pathological protrusion of the esophagus’s interior is aimed at eliminating painful sensations and restoring the body in the postoperative period. Cure this disease only by proper nutrition or medication is impossible. Surgery allows you to completely eliminate the defect.
Basic principles of therapy:
- Refusal to eat, irritating chemically or mechanically the mucous membrane.
- Fractional nutrition for normalization of intraperitoneal pressure.
- Refusal of food, causing reflux and increased gas production.
From the diet it is necessary to completely eliminate carbonated drinks, pastry from yeast dough, milk, cabbage, peas, grapes, since they cause flatulence. Such dishes as semolina, rice or boiled eggs can cause constipation, so you should limit their use. During treatment it is necessary to refuse apples, citrus fruits, sour berries, fried meat, smoked products and sausages, sunflower seeds, fat cottage cheese and cheese.
The basis of the diet should be porridge – oatmeal, buckwheat, millet, barley. They need to be well boiled, eat with a minimum amount of salt and oil. With regard to sour-milk products, the possibility of their consumption depends on the individual characteristics of the patient’s body. Meat and fish dishes are suitable for low-fat meat (chicken, turkey) and boiled fish. During the preparation, do not use spices or breadcrumbs. Of vegetables, only cabbage gets banned, the rest must be eaten, as they are rich in essential vitamins and minerals. With care it is necessary to choose fruit, the safest are bananas, soft pears and baked apples without skin. Even with careful adherence to the recommended treatment, do not forget that after eating, you need to be a little bit like that, so that the esophagus can digest food. At night, it is contraindicated to overeat.
Diet with hernia of the esophageal opening of the diaphragm
With the limitations in nutrition in the hernia of the esophageal opening of the diaphragm, people of advanced age often encounter. Since it is this age category that is at risk for developing the disease. The disease is not particularly dangerous or fatal, but when it is found, care must be taken to restore health. The main feature of the disease is that it can be treated not only surgically. The operation is performed in the case when the neoplasm reaches a large size and interferes with normal vital activity.
The main sign of ailment is heartburn, pain behind the sternum, difficulty swallowing. This symptom is due to the dumping of the peritoneum organs through the esophageal opening of the diaphragm into the sternum. Treatment involves a refusal to eat, causing flatulence and constipation. The bowel eruption should pass without difficulties, that is, the treatment is aimed at normalizing the functioning of the gastrointestinal tract.
Eat often and in small portions, that is, adhere to the principle of fractional nutrition. Particular attention should be paid to the process of cooking. It is best to bake, boil or stew, that is, cook with a minimum amount of butter and fat. During the day and, especially before going to bed, it is necessary to drink water with high acidity, as it lowers the acidity of the esophagus. Sleep is best on the right side, since this position of the body minimizes the possibility of acid from the esophagus entering the sternum.
Diet with a sliding hernia of the esophagus
Proper nutrition with a sliding hernia of the esophagus can reduce painful sensations and accelerate the recovery of the body. The disease refers to the congenital or acquired hernia of the esophageal opening, which can be fixed and unfixed. Pathology occurs when a hernial sac forms in the upper part of the stomach. Genetic predisposition, weakened muscles of the diaphragm and esophagus, sudden increase in pressure, trauma – this all refers to the factors that provoke the disease.
Therapeutic diet is aimed at reducing painful symptoms, but only through surgical intervention can you completely get rid of the disease.
- Carbonated drinks, alcohol, strong tea and coffee.
- Baking from white flour with yeast.
- Beans and soybeans.
- Bran, seeds, nuts.
- Fresh and sauerkraut, raw beets, apples, sour berries.
- Acute, salty, marinades, fatty meat and fish.
- Rough porridge.
During the period of exacerbation, it is necessary to abandon potatoes, white rice, pasta, hard-boiled eggs and any other products that cause constipation.
- In the diet should be present enveloping food, which helps to normalize digestion – it’s boiled porridge.
- Perfectly fit low-fat varieties of fish and meat. They can be cooked or baked, steamed.
- Useful for the gastrointestinal tract are cooked vegetables. From fruits you can eat peaches, pears and bananas.
- In the postoperative period, a liquid diet is used, which consists of vegetable broths, soups and broths.
The menu should be balanced, and the products are highly valued, natural and fresh. Correctly designed menu minimizes pain syndrome after surgery and eliminates ailments during conservative therapy. Food should be soft and mushy, it will prevent flatulence and constipation. On the first day after the operation, it is allowed to drink only, but in the future it is necessary to adhere to the drinking regime (at least 2 L per day). Categorically prohibited fried, spicy, salted, pickled and smoked. The patient needs to eat light porridges, low-fat fish and meat, vegetables and fruits.
Diet with diaphragmatic hernia
A healthy diet to eliminate diaphragmatic hernia is a complex of activities that occupies an important place in the overall treatment plan. As with any other diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, frequent meals are necessary, but with a significant reduction in the volume of servings. It is necessary to refuse fat, fried, spicy, salty and smoked food. This food increases the secretion of gastric juice, which is best avoided with this indisposition. Alcoholic drinks and soda are banned.
The drinking regime is of great importance in the diet therapy process. A day should drink at least two liters of purified water. In the morning, it is not recommended to eat beans, corn, cabbage. After eating, physical activities are not recommended, but also lying, is also not worth it. Particular attention should be paid to food, with a high protein content: cottage cheese, fish, egg white, boiled meat. Positive for the body and digestive tract properties are vegetable oils (sea buckthorn, sunflower, olive) and fish oil, but take them before eating.
Dietotherapy with a hernia of the spine refers to conservative methods of treatment. This disease brings a lot of inconveniences and painful sensations, complicating any movement. Treatment consists of several rules, consider them:
Fresh water should be present in the ration. From carbonated drinks, strong coffee, tea, juices with dyes should be discarded. Such drinks do not fill the water balance, causing a deficiency of water in the body. From this suffer fragile joints, intervertebral discs and cartilage.
The spine and the entire bone system of the body needs vitamins A, B, C, D and trace elements: calcium, magnesium, phosphorus, manganese, which must be present in the diet. You can get them from sour-milk products, meat, fish, fresh vegetables and fruits.
- Vitamin A – fish, eggs, liver, fruits (peaches, melon), vegetables (pumpkin, carrots, artichokes).
- B vitamins – beef liver, brain and heart, seafood, fish, sour milk, barley, buckwheat, bananas, avocado.
- Vitamin D – fish oil, milk, eggs, butter. Sunbathing contributes to the production of vitamin.
- Vitamin C – vegetables, berries, fruits, greens and citrus fruits. It does not accumulate in the body, so its stock needs to be replenished daily.
- Calcium – cheese, nuts, seeds, red beet, cornmeal wholemeal.
- Magnesium – legumes, cucumbers, cottage cheese, cheese, sunflower seeds.
- Phosphorus – fish, salad, peas, soy, cheese.
- Manganese – natural cheeses, bananas, walnuts, sea kale, onion, offal of animals and poultry, almonds, egg yolk.
Very often extra pounds cause damage to the musculoskeletal system. Excess weight exacerbates the pressure on the vertebrae and intervertebral discs, squeezing the nerve roots. This disorganizes the metabolism in the body and disrupts biochemical processes. As a result, normal blood supply and functioning of the spine are disrupted. In this case, the diet is aimed at normalizing the weight.
The first rule is to eat every 3 hour, but in small portions, the day should be 5-6 meals. It is forbidden to overeat and eat before going to bed. The menu should contain a lot of vitamins and minerals, drinking water is a must. Such harmful habits as smoking and abuse of alcoholic drinks, strong tea and coffee negatively affect not only the general state of the body, but also the health of the spine.
Diet with intervertebral hernia
The diet with the intervertebral hernia is aimed at strengthening the bone system. The body needs to be satiated with useful vitamins and microelements. During the treatment, products that worsen the patient’s condition are excluded. This category includes alcoholic beverages, fried and spicy dishes, white rice, margarine and butter, bakery products, tomatoes.
The spine requires a full and constant supply of vitamins and trace elements. To work properly, you need calcium, magnesium, manganese, phosphorus, which can be obtained from products or from medications. Fruits and berries (bananas, pears, apples, raspberries, blueberries), vegetables (asparagus, pumpkin, all kinds of cabbage, leaf lettuce), legumes, nuts, fish and seafood, lean meat, broths (vegetable, meat, fish).
In addition to vitaminization, with intervertebral hernia it is recommended to eat often (5-6 once a day), but in small portions. Last meal is not later than 3-4 hours before sleep. Do not forget about drinking, you can drink purified water, fresh natural juices, herbal decoctions and compotes.
The therapeutic diet for vertebral hernia is used for metabolic disorders and nutrition of intervertebral discs. The therapeutic diet has the same value as medical therapy or physical education. By including healthy food on the menu, you can help stop the pathological process and prevent possible exacerbations. Consider the basic principles of nutrition during the treatment:
- At least two liters of purified water per day.
- Rich in proteins, vitamins and microelements, food.
- Decrease in daily caloric content with excessive body weight.
- Refusal of food irritating the digestive tract.
The protein-rich food accelerates the regeneration process. On average, an adult person a day is enough 60-100 g protein, but with some concomitant diseases, protein intake is limited. This microelement, like collagen, is part of the intervertebral disc, making them elastic and durable. Therapeutic diet allows you to strengthen the muscles in the period of restorative physical education. A special place in the menu should be occupied by fresh vegetables and fruits, cottage cheese, low-fat poultry meat, eggs, natural cheeses.
A special menu used for inguinal hernia is used both before and after the operation. This avoids complications and speeds up the recovery process. The duration of diet therapy depends on the type of operation performed and the characteristics of the patient’s body.
- On the first day after surgery, the energy value of the diet should not exceed 1000 kilocalories, and the amount of liquid up to 2 liters. Food should be liquid or semi-liquid, but rich in vitamins. It is necessary to adhere to a fractional diet. Patients are advised to use herbal decoctions, weak meat and vegetable broths, natural berry or fruit juices, soft-boiled eggs, jelly and jelly.
- In the following days of treatment, calorie intake can be increased. But therapy should be aimed at preventing increased gas production and swelling. To do this, you need to eat in divided portions. The menu should be fruit and berry juices, jelly and jelly, soups on vegetable broth with cereals, herbal decoctions, boiled or steamed fish, ground porridges and non-acidic fruit drinks.
- Gradually add products for the transition to a physiologically complete regimen. At the same time, the energy value increases. In addition to the above dishes, the menu is complemented with mashed soups, steamed dishes, cottage cheese, sour milk drinks, baked apples, fruit puree. This allows you to avoid complications that may occur after hernia repair. The diet should have a lot of protein.
Diet in hernia of the stomach is necessary to accelerate the process of recovery and maintain the normal functioning of all organs and systems of the body. The disease is a protrusion of the abdominal cavity through the hernia gates. The main causes of pathology: increased intraperitoneal pressure, weakness of the walls of the abdomen. The illness is accompanied by pain, nausea and frequent constipation.
Proper nutrition is an important point in the treatment process. Since it facilitates a feeling of discomfort and restores the normal functioning of the digestive system. From the menu you need to exclude all fatty, fried, spicy or salty. The prohibition includes alcohol, soda, strong tea and coffee, spices, seasonings, marinades and sauces. All of the above products affect the level of acidity of the esophagus, which can increase painful symptoms.
Before meals and immediately after meals, it is recommended to take one spoonful of unrefined oil or a spoonful of oatmeal. This is necessary to normalize the work of the intestine and prevent frequent constipation. Treatment is based on regular meals in small portions. Particular attention should be paid to solid food. After heat treatment, it should be soft, for free passage through the gastrointestinal tract. During the day, you should drink water with a high content of alkali, as it lowers the level of acidity.
Therapeutic diet with hernia of the stomach is necessary to prevent serious toxic processes that accompany this disease. The ailment is a prolapse of the stomach into the chest cavity, which causes the development of pathogenic microorganisms. Most often this disease occurs with prolonged abuse of alcohol, overeating and smoking. The patient complains of pain in the sternum and left shoulder, unpleasant sensations under the ribs. If these symptoms are left without attention, then later there are severe pain during exercise, internal bleeding may occur, fever, frequent heartburn, regurgitation and nausea.
Treatment helps to restore the normal functioning of the affected organ in the postoperative period and to reverse the pathological processes leading to the development of the disease.
- Food should be soft. For example, vegetables and fruits should be baked or stewed and eaten without skin. Porridge crushed in a blender or grinded through a sieve.
- It is strictly forbidden to drink carbonated drinks and alcohol. If this rule is not respected, then the other bases of the dietary diet do not make sense.
- You can drink only clean water, but with small volumes of 50-70 ml at a time.
- From the diet completely eliminate fried, spicy, salty and sweet.
- The food should be a fraction. It is necessary to avoid overeating and long hunger strikes.
Dietotherapy with umbilical hernia accelerates the healing process and minimizes pain and discomfort. Dumping of organs occurs where the walls of the abdominal muscles are weakened. To such weaknesses is the navel area. More often from this pathology, women older than 30 years after the birth of children suffer (pregnancy weakens the umbilical ring).
For treatment, an operation is performed, after which dietotherapy is required. It is necessary to minimize pressure in the intestine on the operated area. For this purpose, the food that causes prolonged digestion and increased gas production is excluded from the diet.
- Vegetable, fish and low-fat meat broth.
- Liquid porridge.
- Low-fat varieties of boiled meat and fish.
- Dishes cooked on steam.
- Cottage cheese.
- Herbal teas, compotes, jelly.
To accelerate the digestion process in the first week after the operation, the patient is prescribed enzymatic drug support. Restrictions in diet should be strictly adhered to in the first year after surgery.
The menu of a diet with a hernia makes it possible to make a diet rich in useful and tasty food. Given all the contraindications, consider an approximate menu for one day:
- Glass of water
- Steamed boiled egg
- A glass of herbal or green tea
- 100 g fresh, low-fat cottage cheese
- Glass of water
- 1 банан
- A glass of mors, jelly or fruit jelly
- Glass of water
- Soup on vegetable or chicken broth with cereal
- Barley porridge
- Steam chicken cutlet
- Salad of fresh cucumber, green salad, bell pepper and olive oil
- Glass of water
- Baked apple
- A cup of warm tea from dried fruits
- Glass of water
- Boiled or baked fish with herbs
- Boiled vegetables
- A couple of slices of dried black bread
- A handful of raisins or prunes
- 100 g of cottage cheese
- Fruit juice
Diet for hernia – a long, but a safe method of treatment. A healthy diet will restore normal functioning of all organs and prevent possible complications. The doctor should take care of the menu, taking into account the peculiarities of the patient’s organism and the course of the disease. Revision of the principles of nutrition will improve health and will promote early recovery.
That it is possible to eat at a hernia – this question is faced by everyone to whom this diagnosis was made. Let’s consider the basic recommendations:
- In the diet should be present porridge, under the ban enters only rice. In the dish, you can add a little oil, but salt, sugar and other seasonings are contraindicated, as they increase the acidity of the stomach and cause belching.
- As for sour-milk products, the opinions of the doctors are divided. Some believe that dishes from cottage cheese, sour cream and yogurt are irreplaceable for the body. Others claim that they increase the acidity of the stomach. Therefore, it is worth consulting with your doctor.
- Boiled fish and low-fat varieties of meat are useful for any kind of disease. From them it is possible to prepare forcemeat, soufflé, steam cutlets and meatballs.
- From vegetables you can eat everything, except for cabbage and legumes, as they cause flatulence and increased gas formation.
- Each day should eat no more than three fruits. Useful will be bananas, pears, peaches, baked apples without skin, from grapes should be discarded.
What you can not eat with a hernia is a topical issue, since eating forbidden food can cause an aggravation of the disease or serious complications. The main contraindications:
- Alcohol, carbonated drinks, mineral water. To quench your thirst the perfect non-carbonated water of room temperature is perfect.
- Bakery products, sweets and any pastry from yeast dough. Under the ban and gets black bread.
- Soymilk and legumes – cause increased gas production and swelling.
- In the first days after surgery, you should not eat rough porridge, as they will slow down the digestive system.
- Citrus, sour berries, nuts, seeds and bran.
- Fresh apples, raw beets, sauerkraut and fresh cabbage.
- Under the ban comes fried, spicy and salty foods. During treatment it is necessary to refuse fatty grades of cheese and sausages, fat meat and fat.