Categories: Allergy Elimination Diet

Hypoallergenic diet for children

Allergic diseases often cause skin rashes in the baby. They strongly itch, than bring significant discomfort to the baby’s body. Combing red spots, he can easily bring under the skin an infection. In such cases, more severe inflammatory reactions occur. Such secondary infection can cause streptodermia or systemic damage to the body by staphylococcus.

What are the risks of rashes on the skin and what provokes their appearance?

Often the cause of the appearance of red vesicles or spots on the skin are various variants of allergic reactions. When a child allergen enters the children’s body, a whole cascade of inflammatory changes is triggered in a few minutes. Such reactions are called hypersensitivity. They are fast and slow type.

At the first ingression into an organism of an allergen protective blood cells are not yet ready to meet with him. For this reason, the allergic reaction does not occur lightly, but after a while. Usually this happens in 6-8 hours from the moment the allergen hits the body.

Cells of the immune system, recognizing the alien component as allergic, immediately begin to actively fight it. In the blood is thrown out a large number of different biological substances, which trigger the process of inflammation.

A large number of cells of the immune system is found in the blood and in the skin. When foreign allergenic substances hit the first they enter into battle. A few hours after the disease the skin reacts with red itchy elements. It can be papules, vesicles, specks. Everything depends on the individual sensitivity and tenderness of the child’s skin.

Babies usually have spots more often. In most cases, they are located on the extensor surfaces of forearms and hands, buttocks, hands and on the delicate skin of the child below the chin, on the neck.

In children aged 2 years, spots are often formed in combination with vesicles. This is largely due to the structure of the skin and subcutaneous tissue of a child of this age. Kids become restless, capricious. Children of kindergarten age (4-5 years) during the period of aggravation of an allergic reaction should not attend preschool for the entire period of treatment. In the kindergarten, they can easily catch a secondary infection or carry microorganisms into the wound, combing itchy spots on the skin.

In severe cases of development of allergic reactions, not only lesions appear on the skin. Children can rise to temperatures of up to 38-39 degrees. There is redness in the throat, allergic rhinitis, dry cough. With allergic rhinitis and laryngitis, you should always show the child to the immunologist-allergist. He will conduct additional tests for individual sensitivity to specific allergens. After that, the doctor will appoint a full set of measures and recommend an anti-allergic diet.

Hypoallergic diet, among others, is quite strict. As the child grows up, the child may appear a new hypersensitivity to different foods.

  • When there is an allergy for oranges after some time, intolerance of all citrus is formed.
  • With allergies on chicken eggs there is a sensitivity to all products (including pastries) that contain chicken yolk or melange. At 5% of children it is also possible the appearance of cross-allergy to quail eggs. In this case, it is required to completely exclude the eggs from the baby’s diet and monitor the composition of all meals, where any egg components can be added.

If your child had cross-sensitivity during allergic tests, the immunologist will recommend that you exclude all combinations in which an allergic reaction is possible.

  • For children with allergies on the flowering of trees it is necessary to completely exclude from the diet any shrubby fruit and berries. Cells of the immune system, possessing system memory, when ingested into the body of any substance from the forbidden list, will be considered an allergen. An allergic reaction in a child will be equally acute when the pollen blossoms or after eating a plum or apple.

Try to exclude contact with the allergen, given the time of flowering of trees.

Recently, doctors note that many children have increased the number of cases of intolerance to dairy products. Such babies are prescribed a dairy-free diet. It is indicated to all babies with an allergy to milk. It can not be called protein-free, it is more of a low-protein category.

In the diet of babies on a dairy-free diet, you need to carefully monitor the optimal intake of protein in the body. Add more meat products and side dishes containing vegetable protein. It can be lean meat or fish (with good tolerability), a bird.

From vegetable protein it is possible to choose a pod or conventional beans and well-digested pea porridges. Enter in the diet green peas: it contains far fewer substances that can cause allergies.

Currently, there are many classifications of allergenic products. They divide all products into different categories (depending on the possibility of causing allergic reactions).

Every day, scientists add new sources of allergens to the lists. This is due to the fact that annually the number of children with allergopathology increases several times.

Born in the city of kids are many times more likely to suffer from intolerance to different foods than village ones. Doctors explain this by the impact of adverse environmental factors and high levels of pollution in large cities.

Annually at the international conferences and congresses all leading scientists, doctors and nutritionists of the world gather to discuss the problems of nutrition of children prone to the development of allergic reactions. Special tables have been drawn up in which all products are introduced taking into account their possible negative impact on the immune system of the child:

  1. Products with a high ability to cause allergic reactions are called highly allergenic.
  2. Food that causes allergies is less likely – medium-sensitizing.
  3. Products that are practically incapable of causing an allergic reaction in the child (or cause in a much smaller number of cases) are called neutral.

To products that can be safely included in the diet of a baby with food allergy, you can refer:

  • All fruits and vegetables are green. White fruits and berries. The perfect basis for any side dish for children with a tendency to allergic reactions is broccoli, as well as cauliflower. Potatoes are also suitable, but it contains many starchy substances. It is better when cooking puree to mix cauliflower with a small amount of potatoes, giving preference to cabbage.
  • Protein Products: low-fat beef meat, with care – white varieties of fish. Red (and especially sea) fish – under the ban! The use of it can trigger an allergic reaction. Do not give the baby seafood or sea kale. Adding them to the diet often causes a cross-allergy.
  • With good tolerability of dairy products – sour milk with a small percentage of fat (cottage cheese, yogurt, yogurt). All kinds of cheeses, sour cream, homemade butter and margarine should be excluded. They can provoke food allergy and have an adverse effect on the liver and gallbladder. Frequent use of such products can cause the appearance of chronic diseases of the gastrointestinal tract.
  • Cereal cereals and cereals. They are selected strictly individually. It should be noted that they can be contraindicated for children with allergies and intolerance to gluten. Grechu and rice should be introduced into the diet with caution, since they have an average allergenic potential.

If, after the introduction of cereals, the baby’s skin remains clean and pink, he almost certainly tolerates these foods well. Be sure to monitor the skin of the baby and his mood after the introduction of each new complementary food. This will allow you to determine the allergy to a particular new food product.

Tips for parents of kids 3-6 years

If the baby is inclined to develop allergic reactions or you, close relatives have serious allergic diseases, pay attention to what you are preparing the child. In any case, you should consult and show the baby immunologist-allergist. He will conduct a series of simple and painless scarification tests that will identify all the cross-variant variants of allergens.

There are even special panels, in them all allergens are taken for certain antigenic signs. This study is very convenient and allows you to establish with high accuracy all prohibited products from several groups at once.

It is important to note that sticking to such a diet is worth a lifetime. The human immune system is very precise. Even after one meeting with an allergen, the memory of him remains for life. At each new meeting with this product the body reacts all the more strongly.

An allergic reaction is triggered almost instantaneously. For a long course of the disease, the damage to other organs is already characteristic: the respiratory and cardiovascular system is most often affected, and in this case, more serious treatment is needed for the doctor.

What should parents remember the children of preschool age?

  • Carefully plan and make a menu for your child. Exclude all products that do not suit him. Keep a diary and write down all the changes that the baby has after eating. Reflect the condition of his skin, as well as the estimated time when manifestations occur. This will allow you to better understand what products have allergenic symptoms and can harm a child’s body.
  • If the child is attending a kindergarten, be sure to tell the healthcare worker of the garden that your baby is allergic. Describe what foods are contraindicated to him. The teacher and the medical worker should carefully monitor what the baby eats while away from home. In the kindergarten they are responsible for his health. It would be great if there was a choice of food in the kindergarten. Now this principle is practiced often. If not, the health worker should exclude the side dish or main dish for allergic babies, replacing it with something else.
  • All children with allergic diseases or intolerance to certain foods should be observed by an immunologist. With a calm course of the disease (without frequent exacerbations and rashes) visit the doctor at least 1 times a year. This is necessary for dynamic monitoring of the state of the child’s body.
  • Do not indulge the child’s whims! All babies love sweet. However, it should be understood: if the baby is allergic, then such self-indulgence can be even deadly. In severe cases, after a meeting with an allergen, the child’s organism may respond with Quinck’s swelling or spasm of the larynx. This is a very dangerous complication, which requires immediate provision of qualified medical care.

If, suddenly after eating or snacking, your baby began to suffocate or turn blue, urgently call a children’s emergency room. Acting should be very fast, as the time to save the child’s life goes on for a minute.

Encourage your child to eat healthy. At the table it is better to eat about the same food that the baby eats. So you show him that he is not at all sick or deprived of anything. It’s just a healthy diet, and so everyone eats. Be sure to praise your baby when he eats well the right and healthy foods.