Hypoallergenic diet for mothers
Allergy is an unpredictable and insidious disease. In newborns, it can appear as a result of congenital disease, weak immunity, and also due to a negative reaction to a substance from the external environment. Given that the baby's nutrition in the first months of life consists exclusively of breast milk, allergens enter the body with it. Therefore, lactating mums are recommended hypoallergenic diet. It helps to avoid allergic reactions and possible further complications in the baby.
Allergies in a baby can manifest as rashes on the skin or diarrhea, and an allergen can act as a substance from the mother's food. There are cases of severe allergic reactions, in which there is a threat to the life of the child – a spasm of the respiratory tract, anaphylactic shock. Protecting an infant is hypoallergenic. It is based on the restriction of the ingestion of aggressive substances (allergens) in the baby's body with breast milk.
Basic rules of nutrition when applying a hypoallergenic diet:
The diet is observed daily at least up to three months of age of the child, and if there is no allergic reaction, then the mother's diet can be gradually expanded;
You can not use prohibited foods, even in minimal portions, to avoid provocation of allergies;
Be sure to keep a food diary, record the diet of the mother and the reaction of the baby to him;
A new food product is introduced every two weeks, if there is no negative reaction to it, two weeks later you can add another new product.
Breastfeeding mother first of all should make herself a menu of products that belong to the group of low allergenic, and when choosing vegetables and fruits, give preference to those that grow in her place of residence.
Table of low allergenic products:
Rice, buckwheat, oatmeal
Fillet of turkey and chicken, rabbit
Cucumbers, zucchini, Brussels sprouts, colored and white, turnip
Green salad, parsley, dill
Green apples, pears, white currants, white cherries, gooseberries
Dried apples and pears
Compote of fruit (without sugar), decoction from rose hips, green tea (without sugar), mineral water (without gas)
If the baby does not have rashes or other manifestations of allergy, the nursing mother can add to her diet products of moderate allergic activity. These include meat by-products, corn breads and biscuits. Fruits of average allergic activity include apricots, cranberries, currants (red and black), watermelons; to vegetables – all beans, potatoes, peas, Bulgarian pepper (green). The lack of protein in the body can be replenished with biokefir or bio-yogurt.
A group of highly allergenic foods from the diet of a nursing mother should be excluded.
Fish caviar, seafood, fatty fish;
Cheeses (sharp), fat whole milk, natural yogurt, fat cottage cheese;
Porridge – wheat, semolina;
Sausage and smoked products, eggs;
Marinated and canned foods;
Pickles, mayonnaise, ketchup, spicy seasonings and spices;
Vegetables and fruits of bright color, all citrus;
Finished products containing flavors and dyes, carbonated drinks, cocoa, coffee, alcohol;
Honey, nuts, chocolate, caramel, dates, dried apricots, figs.
Cooking is recommended for a couple, bake or cook. Restricting the diet, it is necessary to avoid uniformity in food and to change the combination of products daily in the menu of the nursing mother. The food should be high-grade, then your child will get the whole set of necessary substances. Caloric content of food should be increased by authorized products.
It is important to follow the hypoallergenic diet for the first months after the birth of the baby. Newborns still have an immune system, so allergens that enter the body can manifest themselves much later. The allergy is insidious, and the absence of obvious signs of it should not allow the nursing mother to switch to her usual diet, otherwise serious complications can be provoked. All women during lactation should adhere to a hypoallergenic diet.
Diet of lactating mother by months
In the process of feeding the baby, the woman's organism produces 500-800 ml of milk per day. This requires additional energy, therefore, the caloric content of your diet should be increased by 500 calories per day. Adequate nutrition is important for both the child and the mother. The baby in this issue has priority – the female body produces milk, which is necessary for the child, and if the mother does not eat fully, then she ruins her health.
In the first months of feeding, you need to drink up to three liters of water a day. In lactating women, part of the water in the body goes to milk production. Just do not overdo it – too much liquid will worsen the quality of milk. Eat fresh fruits and vegetables. They help to restore the body after childbirth. Fresh fruits should be grown on the territory of your residence, ie, adapted, exotic plants are better to exclude.
The nutrition of a woman in the first month of feeding should consist of lean sorts of meat, consumed in stew or cooked. Once a week, it is possible to add nonfat fish to the menu (hake, pike perch, cod). Milk products are allowed in small quantities and infrequently. One egg can be eaten twice a week. If you want bread, then only coarse grinding and rye flour. Prefer to give buckwheat, rice or oatmeal. Add in the dishes of butter (corn, olive, sunflower) not more than 15 g per day and butter (up to 30 g per day).
Welcome fresh and stewed vegetables, as well as berries and fruits, compotes of apples and pears. Variety of food will help the pastille and marshmallows, but in small portions. The main thing to remember is that children are individual, and even those products listed in the list of safe ones can cause allergy. Therefore, introducing a new product in the mother's diet, you should observe the reaction of the child and take timely measures.
The period of feeding from two to six months allows you to expand the scope of the diet, but proper nutrition always dominates the menu. It is allowed to reduce the volume of raw fruits and vegetables, add sprouted grains. From six to 12 months, you can add fried foods to the diet, but it should not be oily. Gradually start eating exotic fruits, in the morning you can pamper yourself with a piece of chocolate. Watch how your child reacts to these innovations. After a year of feeding, the mother can return to her usual diet.
Diet of a nursing mother in the first month
It is difficult to overestimate the importance of breastfeeding for a newborn. Therefore, the main task of the mother is the proper selection of foods that will make breast milk qualitative and useful. The health and peace of the child depends on what the mother eats. The menu of a nursing woman should include foods that can give her enough energy and provide a full-fledged baby nutrition, especially in the first weeks of life.
One and a half weeks after the birth of the child, the mother is allowed to eat:
Apples baked, pears;
Porridge on the water (buckwheat, oatmeal, rice, barley, millet);
Lenten soups and meat;
Compotes, tea, mineral water without gas, broth of wild rose – up to three liters per day;
Vegetable oils (olive, sunflower, corn) – 15 g per day;
Butter – 30 g per day.
On the tenth day,
Ryazhenka, kefir, low-fat cottage cheese;
Lean fish in boiled (baked) form;
Eggs, bread with bran, hard cheese (mild), pasta (in small quantities);
Boiled, stewed or baked vegetables – pumpkin, beets, carrots, onions, zucchini, cabbage (broccoli, color);
Crackers (without raisins), biscuit type biscuits, bagels.
Cow's milk (whole), sour cream;
Fatty, strong meat broth;
Raisins and other dried fruits;
Exotic vegetables and fruits, especially in raw form;
Fresh pastry with the use of premium flour;
Alcoholic and carbonated drinks.
Questions regarding the composition of the ration of the nursing mother should be resolved with the doctor. To facilitate the analysis of the problems that arise, keep a nutrition diary.
Diet of lactating mother with colic
A characteristic sign of colic in a baby is intense pain in the form of short-term seizures with frequent repetitions. There are different reasons, and only a doctor can determine them. If the child's colic begins immediately after ingestion, then it can be said that the cause of the pain is in the intestine, i.e., directly in the food that the baby was eating. In infants, the main food is mother's milk. Therefore, the mother must change her diet. There are two more factors that affect the increase in colic – this is overfeeding and overheating of the child.
To prevent the baby from developing colic, the mother should not eat yoghurts, milk, ice cream, cheeses. It is worthless to abandon the products containing cow's milk, since there is a foreign protein in it, which gets into the mother's milk and provokes pain. The same provocators can become cabbage in raw form, grapes and apple peel. Under the ban to eat should be canned food, semi-finished products, mayonnaise, chocolate, sweet drinks with gas, smoked products, potatoes and pasta in large quantities.
The menu of a nursing woman in the presence of colic in a child should consist of lean soups, porridges cooked on water, boiled vegetables and fish, bread with bran or crackers. Gradually, you can add eggs, low-calorie kefir, baked apples. Recommended unrefined olive or sunflower oil, lean meat. Each time you need to add one new product to the menu, and then it will be clear which of them causes colic.
Diet for nursing mothers by Komarovsky
A well-known children's doctor Komarovsky recommends that women think about their nutrition during pregnancy. This will avoid allergies, diathesis and other unpleasant diseases in the future baby. The choice of food useful for mom and baby is great enough, so there is no need to consume oranges, chocolate, strawberries and other products that can cause allergy in a child. It is not necessary to accumulate problems because of your frivolity or laziness.
During feeding, mom needs to understand – everything that she eats, somehow goes into breast milk. Learn to do without foods that impair the taste or smell of milk (hot, sour and salty foods, as well as garlic). Our beloved cabbage (white cabbage) and beans increase the formation of gases and even become the culprits of diarrhea in a baby. Too fat milk complicates its digestion and creates difficulties for the mother when decanting, so reduce the number of animal fats in your menu and limit yourself to vegetable.
Be sure to watch how the child reacts to your meals. If there is any doubt about the use of any product, eat it very little and watch the baby. The absence of rash, indigestion, sleep disturbances indicates the suitability of the product to use, only increase its portions gradually. Do not consume excess fluid if the child is full, and milk remains. Otherwise, after each feeding, a woman should drink up to 0,5 L of liquid.
Drinks recommended by Dr. Komarovsky:
Tea with the addition of milk and sugar;
Compote of apples and pears;
Apple and carrot juice in small quantities;
Kefir, ryazhenka, boiled or melted milk with fat content up to 2,5%.
Komarovsky believes that a nursing mother can eat everything, but use a reasonable approach. Be careful to eat too salty, sour and sharp foods. Choose vegetables and fruits grown in her area and without the nitrate content. Replace fresh juice with freshly squeezed juice. There is little, but all, but do not overeat with one or the other. The problems that have arisen in the child do not put off, but decide with your child's doctor, do not conduct experiments.
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Mom's diet with lactase deficiency
Nursing children are directly related to the quality and volume of milk from the mother. This means that the woman's diet should consist of useful and natural products. Dishes with protein content are very important for an organism that is in the process of growth. Fruits and vegetables are rich in vitamins. Dairy products are an important supplier of calcium. However, the amount of milk depends also on the frequency and duration of breastfeeding. Therefore, for good lactation it is important to balance the nutrition of the mother and adjust the schedule for feeding the baby.
Exclusion from the menu of sharp, smoked, salty foods and seasonings is the very first step to a balanced diet of a nursing woman. Apply a strict taboo on alcohol, nicotine and caffeine, as well as food with preservatives, dyes, stabilizers. Exclusions from the menu are subject to any provocateurs of allergy: imported fruits, some varieties of fish, crabs and crayfish, all vegetables and fruits of red color. The correct consumption of gas-producing products will be correct: sugar, sweet baking, cabbage, grapes.
A large amount of food and its high calorie content do not always contribute to the development of healthy breast milk. For lactation, hormones – prolactin (the formation of milk in the body of the mother) and oxytocin (the output of milk outside) meet the lactation. And their level in the blood is directly dependent on the frequency of breastfeeding and how long the baby is working, receiving food. Prevention of lactose insufficiency may be a refusal or restriction of the consumption of cow's milk and products based on it. Stimulate the production of breast milk is capable of additional drinking – up to 0,5 l after each feeding.
The problem of lactase deficiency can be solved by various lactagon preparations. The question of choosing the right tool is decided only by the doctor. Perhaps, it will be adjusted by the adjustment of the regime of the day of the mother or by the discharge of the vitamin complex. The main thing to remember is that a woman who is in a restful state, enough rest and sleep well at night, is able to provide her baby with breast milk in the required volume.
Diet of a nursing mother with diathesis
Breastfed babies suffer from the appearance of diathesis more often than others. This disease is characterized by a rash on the skin, which is a sign of an allergic reaction. The presence of such a sign is a serious argument for the mother to think about the content of her menu. Everything eaten by a nursing woman affects the quality of breast milk and, consequently, the health of the baby. Correctly selected hypoallergenic diet for moms can correct the problem.
With diathesis, overseas fruits, chocolate and other foods that can exacerbate the disease are immediately excluded from the diet. It is advisable not to eat eggs, products containing cow's milk, tomatoes, spices, garlic and onions. It should be cautious to eat corn, carrots, cabbage, red fruit, legumes, grapes and plums. These products can contain allergens that cause diathesis. Therefore, it is important to observe and compare what from the bitten you provokes the disease.
Enrich your meals with cereals, vegetable broths and veal soup. Eat apples, greens, etc., drink teas from herbs. Observations show that diathesis is most often provoked by an allergen that is part of cow's milk. This is a good reason for excluding milk from the ration of a nursing mother. All questions are resolved individually with the doctor.
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As you know, the popularity of a diet depends on how quickly it helps to get rid of excess weight, because more often than not we remember this vital problem only on the eve of any important events or holidays. Naturally, in such situations almost all women are looking for the most.
To date, separate food is a fairly popular way to eliminate excess weight. Many popular people claim that they used this method to adjust their weight. Many nutritionists believe that it is easier to follow an established diet in the event that a person alternates foods in.
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