Diet in hypothyroidism – a set of rules aimed at restoring the thyroid gland, which should be observed. Consider the features of therapeutic nutrition, delicious recipes and a healthy menu.
Hypothyroidism is a disease of the thyroid gland, in which the development of thyroid hormones is disrupted. The reasons for the disruption of the body are numerous. Most often this is a failure of the hormonal background, heredity or the influence of harmful factors. Symptoms of the disease are different, primarily fatigue, lack of energy, drowsiness, cold intolerance, constipation, painful menstruation and weight gain (even in the absence of appetite). These signs may go unnoticed or be associated with a number of other causes, for example, stress, depression, or overwork.
During the development of the disease symptoms begin to increase. In most patients, the pulse may slow down, the skin becomes cold, dry and begins to become rough, there is pain in the muscles, swelling around the eyes, and the face becomes pasty. Begin to drop hair on the head, eyebrows, intimate zones. The voice becomes hoarse and a little rough, and the reflexes are sluggish.
Treatment of hypothyroidism with diet is one of the methods of treatment of this disease. It is carried out along with drug treatment, and then as a method of prevention and correction.
In the early stages, the disease is treated with a diet. The endocrinologist performs a comprehensive examination and selects a suitable diet for the patient. Therapeutic diet is necessary to restore a weakened organism and depends on the form and type of hypothyroidism. With its help you can eliminate the causes of the disorder.
When choosing a diet, the endocrinologist discusses all the nutritional questions with the patient, clarifying and explaining its purpose and importance. And also finds out on what result the patient calculates. For example, there are nutritional recommendations aimed at weight loss since one of the symptoms of an ailment is a set of excess weight. In addition, the doctor tries to take into account the patient’s material possibilities.
Nutrition for hypothyroidism plays an important role, since very often patients do not think that eating and its proper cooking is the key to a healthy and strong body. In our modern society, it is increasingly possible to meet patients with this ailment. And every year the age of the disease is getting younger. Previously, the disorder was diagnosed in women of menopausal age, now it occurs in 20-30 summer.
The patient needs to make his menu correctly, that is, the treatment and recovery diet. The products should be fresh and contain useful vitamins and trace elements, as the disease disrupts many functions of the body. Deficiency of useful substances can be restored medically, combining drugs with food during and after treatment. Products must be properly processed during cooking to preserve all useful properties. For these purposes, modern kitchen appliances, which are irreplaceable in the kitchen, are perfect.
What diet for hypothyroidism – this issue should be addressed only with a doctor endocrinologist-nutritionist. If you find yourself in the first signs of illness, you need to seek medical help. The district therapist will listen to all your complaints and give directions for the blood test TSH (thyroid-stimulating hormone). If the indicators are overestimated, then the therapist sends to the endocrinologist. The endocrinologist collects an anamnesis and, if necessary, prescribes additional tests. All this is necessary in order to adequately prescribe medication and choose an effective diet.
Most often, the patients are prescribed: the diet of Mary Chaumont (helps to regain weight), a diet for autoimmune and subclinical hypothyroidism, and preventive nutrition to restore and maintain the body. This is one of the most effective diets. Such treatment is aimed at the safe restoration of the functioning of the affected organ.
The diet of Mary Chaumont in hypothyroidism
The diet of Mary Chaumont in hypothyroidism was compiled by an American writer who wrote a book that became a bestseller – “Diet for hypothyroidism.” The author claims that, in one way or another, most patients were exposed to the diet. Mary herself faced the disease of the thyroid gland. She spent a lot of time and effort to sort things out, and came to the conclusion that metabolic disorders are not limited to a simple shortage of thyroxine. Therefore, to get rid of excess weight, there are not enough ways that healthy people use.
The author of the diet suggests such a calculation of calorie intake – the weight of the patient in kilograms multiplied by 25 and subtracted 200 kcal. This will be a daily dose of calories. Based on these calculations, you can make a menu and pick up products, not exceeding the recommended calorie content. You need small portions, several times a day. So you will be more saturated and do not feel hunger. Your stomach and you will receive the necessary food, and with it vitamins with trace elements. Gradually, immunity and hormonal system will begin to recover.
Food is removed from food, which stimulates the production of gastric juice. You need to eat several times a day, 5-6 receptions will be enough. Fasting during treatment is prohibited. Useful properties are raw vegetables and fruits, in addition, they are low-calorie. It is necessary to avoid feeling hungry, as it often pushes a diet violation. Products can be cooked, stewed, baked.
Restrictions apply to liquids, a day you need to drink no more than 1,5 l of purified water. Since metabolic functions are disturbed in the body, water lingers in the tissues, forming edema. It is recommended to reduce the portions of the first dishes and discard salt. Alcoholic drinks and seasonings, which excite appetite, are excluded from the menu. Once in 7-10 days, you can spend unloading days on fresh fruits and juices.
Diet in autoimmune hypothyroidism
The diet for autoimmune hypothyroidism is aimed at restoring the body. The disease is a lesion of the thyroid gland, when the body begins to produce antibodies to its own organ. That is, the body rejects thyroid cells, destroying it. The causes of the disorder are not fully understood. Many doctors believe that the disease is the result of autoimmune processes, but this can be radiation exposure or a supersaturation of the body with iodine.
To treat autoimmune hypothyroidism it is necessary in a complex, both medicamentally, and by means of a food. The diet provides for the rejection of fried, smoked, spicy, canned foods, as well as from sweets and bakery products. It is not superfluous to reduce the amount of fluid used because of the risk of edema.
Diet in subclinical hypothyroidism
Diet in subclinical hypothyroidism is a healthy diet. The disease occurs without pronounced symptoms and most often it is detected during laboratory tests. But most often the doctor offers diet and vitamin therapy. Vitamins are needed to restore the immune system and other body systems.
The diet is based on the use of fresh vegetables and fruits. In the diet should not be present fatty meats and seafood (chicken, rabbit, turkey, shrimp, mussels). Seafood is very important, as they are a natural source of iodine, which restores the thyroid gland. Useful products will be cocoa beans and coffee, as they are rich in B vitamins and magnesium. The diet should be divided into several meals, limit your drink to 700 – 1500 ml per day.
Diet for hypothyroidism for weight loss
Diet for weight loss in hypothyroidism is aimed at normalization of metabolic processes in the body. It is because of metabolic disorders that patients gain weight. Let’s consider the basic recommendations for a healthy diet:
- It is necessary to eat often and in batches, that is, in small portions.
- Do not starve, as this aggravates the already slow metabolism and can cause a depressive condition.
- In the diet should be a lot of fresh vegetables, fruits and herbs, as they contain vitamins and microcells useful for the restoration of the body.
- Regular physical activity and walking in the fresh air.
- In the diet should be iodine-containing products: sea kale, shrimp, mussels, squid, mollusks.
- It is necessary to abandon the products that contribute to the accumulation of excess weight (alcohol, sweets, pastries, salinity).
- Limit the use of liquid, because excess water in the body leads to puffiness.
The diet menu should be varied. It is a mistake to think that a diet is a tasteless food. This is far from the case, a healthy, healthier diet is the basis of recovery. Do not forget that much depends on the method of cooking and, of course, the mood for recovery. Consider an approximate menu for the day:
- A glass of yogurt, kefir or green tea without sugar.
- 2 eggs boiled or 1 green apple.
- Vegetable broth or light chicken soup.
- Porridge (buckwheat, pearl barley, barley).
- Sea salad (mix salad from sea kale).
- Casserole from cottage cheese and cereals.
- Apple or any 2 fruit to choose from.
- Salad from fresh greens.
- Fillet of baked fish.
- A glass of any juice.
Diet in hypothyroidism is one of the methods of safe recovery of the body and the thyroid gland. Patients with this diagnosis should lead a healthy lifestyle, adhere to proper nutrition and maintain physical activity. The earlier the disease is diagnosed, the higher the chances of recovery and the minimal harm to the body.
What can you eat with hypothyroidism?
The menu offers many tasty and healthy dishes that contain all the necessary vitamins and minerals. Often the disorder leads to disturbances in the production of vitamin A, so the diet should contain products with this ingredient. “Pure” vitamin A is abundant in the liver, especially in the cod liver (pork and beef are also suitable) and carrots. Marine products containing iodine, zinc, calcium, phosphorus are also useful.
With hypothyroidism, the risk of developing osteoporosis increases. Therefore, patients need to receive a sufficient amount of calcium and phosphorus, necessary for the assimilation of vitamin D. When choosing and making a diet, do not forget that calcium and phosphorus are abundant in dairy products, especially cheese, legumes, fish, fresh vegetables and fruits. Vitamin D is abundant in fish, especially fish liver and caviar, butter, eggs.
In addition to food, outdoor activities have therapeutic properties. They help to keep the body toned, lift the mood, eliminate depression and poor health.
What you can not eat with hypothyroidism?
That it is impossible to eat at a hypothyrosis – nutritionists recommend to refrain from a fast snack. Under the ban enters fast food, fatty, spicy, fried, sweet and flour. Many harmful products contain soy and transgenic fats. These substances are poorly digested and are excreted from the body, disrupt the digestibility of minerals and vitamins
After the intake of such food, fast saturation takes place, but then the body requires eating even more. When the thyroid gland is damaged, metabolic processes are slowed, so alcoholic drinks are prohibited. They are slowly removed from the body and retain water, causing swelling. It is not recommended to eat fatty meat and fish, products from white flour, sugar, honey, sweets.