Recently, more and more often dysbiosis the authors of medical articles call the cause of many unpleasant phenomena in the human body (skin diseases, problems with stool, lack of vitamins, dull hair, etc.). What is dysbiosis and how to deal with it?
In the intestines, people have a mass of useful bacteria, which, in fact, digest the food that has got there and guarantee the effective absorption of nutrients by the walls of the body. These include bifidobacteria, bacteroides and lactobacilli. But due to different reasons, the balance is disturbed and the pathogenic flora (fungi of candida, protea, staphylococcus, etc.), which was previously in the “bridle”, begins to actively multiply, provoking a lot of unpleasant symptoms: bloating, constipation or diarrhea, nausea and unpleasant smell from the mouth.
The most effective methods by which to defeat intestinal dysbacteriosis are diet and probiotic treatment. Ironically, the doctor before the course on the restoration of microflora with special drugs can prescribe a course of antibiotics, if the pathogenic flora significantly prevails over the useful.
Observance of all the prescriptions of a specialist already within 2 months will help to cope with the problems. But no gastroenterologist guarantees a stable result to a patient who will not simultaneously treat other diseases of the gastrointestinal tract that he has, nor will he change his diet.
Diet for intestinal dysbiosis
The diet for dysbiosis is good because it has a health-enhancing effect on the body as a whole. At the same time, the products present in it are quite accessible – everyone can afford them. But it is necessary to follow the instructions strictly, otherwise it will not be possible to achieve the desired result.
What foods are forbidden for a patient to use a dysbacteriosis? First of all, it’s all kinds of smoked meat and spicy dishes. In this list, you can also make vinegar, mustard, pepper, garlic and onions. Canned and pickled meat, as well as mushrooms, are completely excluded from the diet. Vegetables and fruits are better for boiling. It is necessary to abandon bran, brown rice and millet, sausages and sausages, alcohol and oatmeal, as well as sauerkraut.
Acceptable cooking technology – steaming or cooking. Any dishes from white rice are welcome – porridge, soup. It is good for a patient with a dysbacteriosis to drink broths from chicken or white fish, and also to eat natural curd, to drink kefir. Of vegetables, fresh cucumbers are most recommended, fresh vegetables like parsley or dill will also benefit. Potatoes together with steamed meat, jelly, a little honey and fresh berries – all this can also be eaten.
Diet for intestinal dysbacteriosis after antibiotics slightly narrows the range of allowed products: you can not eat legumes, as well as any acidic foods, including fruits. It is forbidden to sweet, but apple apples are recommended, as well as all sorts of porridges and bread from bran.
Sample menu for several days
The patient is sometimes frightened by a diet for intestinal dysbacteriosis – the menu seems meager. But this is not so, you can make a varied menu for every day within the allowed products.
I breakfast: steamed meatballs, boiled potatoes on milk, herbal decoction.
II breakfast: cottage cheese with raisins.
Lunch: chicken broth, finely chopped boiled piece of meat, mashed potatoes, compote.
Afternoon snack: tea with biscuits.
Dinner: yoghurt, jelly.
I breakfast: semolina porridge, cottage cheese and herbal decoction.
II breakfast: berries.
Lunch: beef broth with cutlets, boiled potatoes with fish fillet, steamed, baked fruit.
Snack: compote with biscuits.
Dinner: boiled rice with meatballs, green tea.
I breakfast: dairy wheat porridge with melted cheese, herbal tea.
II breakfast: carrot puree.
Lunch: pearl barley, boiled potatoes with veal, fruit broth.
Afternoon snack: tea with marshmallow.
Dinner: pumpkin puree, fish souffle and tea.
I breakfast: semolina porridge and 2 boiled eggs.
II breakfast: yoghurt.
Lunch: broth with pasta, boiled potatoes with meat ribbons, carrot salad.
Snack: compote with biscuits.
Supper: omelette with boiled meat, cabbage puree, compote.
Diet for intestinal dysbacteriosis with constipation
In this case, the menu is almost the same as above. Just a diet for a dysbacteriosis of the intestines, accompanied by constipation, should be based on dishes made from pumpkin, beets, cabbage and fruit. Any porridge with fiber and separate food are welcome.
Before proceeding to a special menu, a person suffering from diarrhea should refrain from any food for 2 days. Then the diet for intestinal dysbacteriosis with diarrhea is built according to the principles described above, only from the menu is excluded fiber, and it is also recommended to drink more herbal decoctions.
In children, dysbacteriosis develops for several reasons: too early introduction of complementary foods, replacement of breastfeeding with artificial, inadequate nutrition. Children’s dysbacteriosis, as a rule, is not treated with probiotics, if the baby does not suffer from abdominal pain. Interference in the natural processes of biocenosis formation is undesirable, therefore this method is used only as a last resort.
Depending on what phenomena triggered the disease, a gastroenterologist, a pediatrician, an allergist or an infectious disease specialist will take care of the child. Diet for intestinal dysbiosis in children is a key method of therapy. It contains the same recommendations as for adults, but with some additions. First, it is necessary to exclude from the child’s diet any semi-finished products, including shop juices. Secondly, porridges should be better prepared with skim milk.
The longer the dysbacteriosis lasts, the longer it will be necessary to restore the intestinal microflora and adhere to the diet. In addition, it is worthwhile, finally, pay attention to other diseases of the gastrointestinal tract and to deal with health closely.