Kidney disease diet

In the opinion of specialized specialists, a diet with kidney and urinary tract disease is a direct way to a rapid recovery. Renal failure, pyelonephritis, glomerulonephritis and other diseases of the urinary system require a special diet. A therapeutic diet is prescribed by a doctor individually for each person. Failure to comply with the rules of nutrition can negate all efforts made by the patient in the treatment of renal ailments.

What are the basic rules of treating a person?

After diagnosis, a patient with kidney problems is prescribed treatment, which is based on a special diet. The most effective is low protein. Diet in kidney disease is based on the consumption of a minimum amount of protein foods and salt. The latter product can retain fluid in the body and provoke the appearance of sand in the kidneys. Observing dietary nutrition, it is important to adhere to the following recommendations of doctors:

  • to eat food in small portions, there is a day at least 5-ti times;
  • To eat according to the time schedule of meals;
  • Drink a day 1,5 l liquid (tea, juice, decoctions, etc.);
  • salt food not in the process of cooking, but in portions, in a bowl;
  • increase consumption of fruits and vegetables;
  • Do not use spices, spices, garlic and onions in recipes;
  • Do not eat fatty and heavy for the work of kidney dishes.

Fulfilling these rules, you can avoid the use of drugs and accelerate the process of recovery. Diet in patients with kidneys should be regular, indulgence in medical nutrition can only harm. However, if in the process of treatment and compliance with dietary therapy, the kidneys do not cease to hurt, doctors prescribe to drink pain medications. You can take pain off medication. When the kidney is aching, nephrologists recommend that, in addition to using medicines, warm compresses be applied.

Specialized diet for kidney disease

In the treatment of kidneys, the patient is required to comply with therapeutic nutrition. This diet will ease pain, improve well-being. Before the appointment of a diet with kidney disease, a person needs to pay attention to the concomitant symptomatology, because each disease individually has its own signs. Most pathologies do not need strict food restrictions, only consumption of salt, pepper and alcohol is reduced.

With pain in the kidneys, a menu is needed that will reduce irritation and remove inflammation. Food should be balanced, with a proportional ratio of fats, proteins, vitamins, carbohydrates and trace elements. However, when the kidneys are sore, the protein is included in the prescription diets in a limited amount. Drink fluids should not exceed 1,5 l in 24 hours.

Observance of diet therapy for kidney disease requires taking into account the calorie content of food. In this regard, most people are asking: how much can you consume per day of calories, so as not to complicate the work of the kidneys and liver ?. Nutritionists say that for people with pathologies of these organs, the daily caloric value should not exceed 3000 calories. We can not neglect the chemical composition of the dishes consumed. In a day you need to eat 70 g protein, 90 g fat and 400 g carbohydrates (of which 80 g sugars). As can be seen from the figures presented, carbohydrates predominate, due to their ability to increase the effectiveness of treatment.

What kind of diet with salts in the kidneys, pyelonephritis, kidney failure and other similar diseases of the urinary system is preferable? According to doctors, with these pathologies it is important to regulate the amount of fluid and salt consumed. If it is healthy for healthy people to drink a day more 2-x l juice, compote, then how much should you drink with kidney pain or a person with one kidney? In a day you can drink no more than 1,5 l of liquid, it also includes juices, teas, vzvara, etc. If you neglect this recommendation, the patient faces an additional burden on the body, which is not able to work at full power. How much it is permissible to drink water with one kidney? In this case, you can drink up to one liter, otherwise there is a risk of water intoxication.

When the kidney is sore, dietary prescriptions exclude the addition of salt, since the load from this product can lead to serious disruption of the body. Dishes are poured in minimal amounts immediately before consumption. With the aggravation of renal ailments, nephrologists recommend completely to give up salted food.

Diet is primarily based on reducing the number of foods in which the protein predominates. In this regard, protein-free diet with kidney disease is to eat the least amount of fish, eggs, cottage cheese, cheese, legumes and meat. Do not forget that the protein is the building material for the cells, so, despite the restrictions, completely delete it from the menu incorrectly. With a low protein diet, it is forbidden to eat fatty fish and meat, and to fry them and complement them with various spices (garlic, onion, pepper, etc.).

Diet in renal failure differs from nutrition in other pathologies of the urinary system, and requires reducing protein intake to 30-40 g in 24 hours. Low-protein diet significantly improves the general condition and facilitates the course of the disease. If the patient’s kidney functioning is not significantly affected, then with proper treatment, it is not necessary to observe a low-protein diet, it is enough to do cleansing days 1-2 times a week.

What kind of nutrition for renal pain should be in women in position? During pregnancy, it is important for future mothers to be especially cautious with various diseases of the urinary system. Exacerbation of kidney ailments can cause miscarriage, death of the fetus. The complexity of treatment during pregnancy is a ban on many medications. Therefore, a diet for the kidneys during pregnancy is especially important. Dietary tables exclude fatty, fried, salty and peppery. Useful food is steamed, boiled or baked.

Pregnant need to drink a day you need at least 2-x L of fluid.

Diet in renal failure, pyelonephritis and other problems of the urinary system in pregnant women is the same as in other patients. The menu should not contain products such as onions, mushrooms, garlic, sorrel, fresh pastries, coffee, cocoa and strong tea. Drink a day you need at least 2-x L of liquid and eat at least 4-x times. It is allowed to eat cereals and pasta of all kinds, milk, kefir, yoghurt, fruits and vegetables, as well as black bread and fritters without baking. During pregnancy it is useful to drink with kidney pain pomegranate juice, cranberry broth, also infusion of rose hips and compotes of dried fruits.

Permitted and prohibited foods

Kidneys can be affected as a result of non-compliance with the requirements of the treatment table. A useful menu with exacerbation of pain in the urinary organs implies a complete refusal of alcohol, as an exception, red wine is allowed, but no more than 1-2 a glass a month. You can not eat the following foods:

Despite the fact that the useful properties of garlic help to improve immunity, and many are accustomed to eating it for the prevention of acute respiratory disease, with kidney pain, you can not use this vegetable. In the recipes of the diet menu, garlic is not allowed to use, as it has an irritating effect on the kidneys. When exacerbation of kidney diseases, it is better to give up radishes, sorrel, parsley and asparagus. You can not eat meat of fatty varieties, namely, goose, pork, lamb, duck.

With pain in the kidneys, you can not use garlic.

Nutrition for kidney disease is based on the following useful foods and dishes that help improve the patient’s condition:

In case of problems with the kidneys it is useful to periodically reduce the load on the body, doing unloading days. It is prescribed to discharge the kidneys only after a complete examination and the correct diagnosis. Throughout the day, only one type of product is consumed, which must necessarily be useful and permissible in renal diseases. It is better to give preference to the fruit and berry table by preparing for 350-400 g apples, pears, apricots. It is allowed to supplement the dish with honey or yoghurt. To consume a day of cleansing food is necessary 5-6 times, observing equal time intervals. The most correct and useful diet for cleaning the kidneys is cucumber.

When the kidneys are aching, the patient is prescribed a diet that helps get rid of the painful symptoms and speeds up the recovery process. Many people find it hard to get used to proper nutrition, as it is necessary to radically change the habitual diet. Therefore, it is recommended to paint approximate recipes for a week ahead and adhere to them throughout the therapeutic course, periodically rearranging and adding new dishes.

An example menu might look like this:

  • Day No. 1. Breakfast – milk rice porridge, cheese. In the afternoon – vegetable cream soup, boiled breast. Supper – steam fish cutlets, pasta. As snacks are served pudding, any allowed fruit, casserole, biscuit biscuits. After each meal, drink liquid. It can be decoctions, compotes, kefir, yogurt, juices, tea with honey.
  • Day No. 2. The first meal – buckwheat with milk, carrot cutlets. Lunch – soup, meat soufflé. Supper – meat casserole, cottage cheese with honey.
  • Day No. 3. Breakfast – vegetarian pilaf, soufflé. Lunch – soup with turkey, barley porridge. Dinner – steam omelet, boiled veal.
  • Day No. 4. In the morning – vegetable salad, fish, tomato juice and cottage cheese mass. At midday – milk soup, rice with veal. Evening meal – oatmeal with banana, potato casserole.
  • Day No. 5. Breakfast – cheese with raisins, milk wheat porridge. Lunch – low-fat borsch, buckwheat porridge with lean meat. Supper – fish cutlets, pasta.
  • Day No. 6. The first meal – barley milk porridge, boiled beets. Lunch – lean borscht, boiled chicken breast. Supper – meat soufflé.
  • Day № 7.Breakfast – semolina porridge. At noon – potato soup, mashed potatoes. Evening meal – pudding, pancakes with caramelized apples.

With pain in the kidneys it is recommended to use jelly from the dog rose. For its preparation it is necessary to make 2 st. infusion of tart berries. Next, take ½ cup of ready-made broth, dissolve in it 2 art. l. sugar, bring to a boil and pour into the remaining liquid. Separately, pour a small spoonful of gelatin over the water, and after half an hour add it to the infusion. It is required to bring the ingredients to the boiling point, after the resulting liquid is put to cool. No less useful is the fruit soup. To make it, you need to clean and cut into small cubes 20 g pears, melons, apples and peaches. Cover the seeds and seeds with boiling water, boil and insist. Then add the sugar, strain and put the fruit cubes and previously cooked rice into the finished liquid. When all the ingredients are collected, the soup is cooked for 5-7 minutes, then poured over plates and seasoned with sour cream.

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