Many people like to eat different sweets and rolls, and this can negatively affect the condition of the figure. The fact is that similar products contain simple (they are also called fast) carbohydrates. Carbohydrates related to the fast, such as white sugar, are easily absorbed, and a longer time interval is required to process slow carbohydrates. Low-carbohydrate diets are based on the limited use of fast carbohydrates, which can harm the figure.
Splitting carbohydrates, a person receives glucose, which is then distributed throughout the body. If the release of glucose into the blood is abundant, this triggers the accumulation of fat stores. Among the products rich in fast carbohydrates, first of all, it is worth noting the bread made from white flour, sweets, a variety of confectionery. Naturally, it is not necessary to completely abandon fast carbohydrates, because, according to some doctors, this will not bring the body benefits.
A strong decrease in the proportion of complex carbohydrates in the diet can even lead to constipation, but a low-carb diet means eating vegetables, and, for example, cabbage is a good way to improve bowel performance. The high content of animal fats in the low-carb diet menu increases the likelihood of developing heart disease and increasing blood cholesterol levels, so the emphasis should be on light protein foods – skim cheese and cottage cheese, lean fish and meat.
Low-carbohydrate diet is difficult to include in diets in the literal sense of the word. Rather, it is a general principle of nutrition, which is based on the restriction of certain products, and not on debilitating calorie counting. Such a diet is contraindicated in women during breastfeeding and during pregnancy, children and adolescents, diabetics and people with a variety of chronic diseases. Before applying the diet, medical advice is advisable – it will help to avoid undesirable health effects.
While observing a low-carb diet, you can and even need to eat fish, only it should be sea – mackerel, trout, flounder, tuna, cod, salmon. If to compare with a river fish, then in oceanic species there are more useful fats and less carbohydrates. Other seafood products are also not subject to a ban. Squids, shrimps, oysters, mussels are allowed. During a low-carb diet, you can eat eggs in any form, milk, cottage cheese and low-fat cheese, low-fat dairy products.
Lovers of meat will also be delighted with the allowed menu. The presence in the diet of the liver, beef, pork, lamb, duck, goose, chicken and turkey is allowed. With all of the above products, you can combine vegetables – peas, string beans, eggplants, any cabbage, cucumbers, tomatoes, radishes, peppers, pumpkins and olives. The use of greenery is not limited – sorrel, celery, green onions. Water is recommended to drink about two liters a day.
However, there are a number of limitations. Elimination of daily rations are subject to baking, pasta, cakes, sweet soda, beer, liqueurs. It should be significantly restricted the use of products containing in their composition a large amount of flour, sugar and starch. The same applies to sweet fruits and juices. Ready-made meat and fish products should not contain carbohydrate supplements. For this reason, sausages and a variety of canned food from the diet is better to exclude altogether.
The essence of such a product set is to push the body to use the accumulated fat reserves. If there is insufficient receipt of glucose from external sources, the body will have to expend its own reserves, thereby reducing their volume. Low-carbohydrate diet has a number of advantages, among which it is worth noting separately the high efficiency and rapid elimination of excess weight.
In connection with some features of the metabolism of proteins and fats, such a system of nutrition can produce side effects, so the rationality of its use should be discussed with the doctor.
A sample menu of a weekly low-carb diet:
Cottage cheese – 200 g and some fruit, tea or coffee without sugar
Fish stewed – 200 g, vegetables, whole grain bread (1 slice)
Vegetables with wild rice
Omelet, unsweetened tea or coffee
Beef boiled 200 g, fresh vegetable salad
Soup (meat or mushroom). Before going to bed, you are allowed to drink a glass of kefir
Fruits or vegetables, low-fat cheese – 100 g, tea or coffee of your choice
Stewed cabbage, boiled meat – 200 g
Coffee or tea of choice, oatmeal porridge
Vegetables, chicken meat – 200 g (stew or boiled)
Coffee or tea, a couple of boiled eggs, low-fat cheese – 100 g
Vegetable salad, low-fat pork – 200 g (baked or boiled)
Stewed vegetables. Before going to bed, you can use a glass of yogurt
Two boiled eggs, coffee or tea (unsweetened), light yogurt – 200 g
Vegetables and any soup. You can fill up with any fruit
Fish boiled – 200 g, wild rice
Cooked on milk buckwheat porridge, unsweetened coffee or tea
Vegetables and fish (baked)
Stewed vegetables. Before going to bed, you are allowed to drink a glass of kefir.
This version of the menu of low-carbohydrate diet is not final and can be subject to various additions and adjustments. In occasion of duration of a diet it is necessary to consult in addition with the dietician or the doctor. In case of deterioration of the state of health, it is better to stop the diet.
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Fried prawns with ginger . Ingredients: 350 g of shrimps peeled, vegetable oil for frying, a pair of crushed garlic cloves, peeled and grated ginger root – one tablespoon, half a cup of chopped mushrooms, soy sauce and sesame oil – one tablespoon, flakes of hot dried pepper to taste. Heat oil over medium heat in a large frying pan. Put the ginger root and garlic, fry half a minute until a pleasant aroma appears. Add the shrimp and mushrooms. Fry until the shrimp is pink and completely prepared (about three minutes). Add soy sauce, sesame oil and hot pepper, put out for another minute. The ingredients are based on two servings.
Pork with champignons in sour cream. Ingredients: 500 g pork, 200 g sour cream, 250 g champignon, 5 g salt. Cut the pork into portions and salt. For five minutes fry in a pan. Add chopped mushrooms and fry for a few more minutes. Pour the sour cream with mushrooms and simmer on low heat for about fifteen minutes.
Pork with melted raw. Ingredients: 800 g pork, a glass of milk, 200 g cheese fused, salt. Cut the pork in portions, lightly beat and salt. Put in a saucepan, greased with oil, and pour the milk. Put in a preheated oven (150). After an hour, add the sliced cheese and bring the dish to the ready (5-10 minutes).
Baked salmon with dill sauce. Ingredients: 700 g salmon, squeezed from one lemon juice, 25 g white wine, a tablespoon of dried tarragon, a pinch of black ground pepper. Ingredients sauce: 5 tablespoons mayonnaise, 20 g dill. Lubricate the foil with oil and put on a baking tray. Top with salmon. Sprinkle fish with pepper, salt and tarragon, pour wine and lemon juice. Turn the dish into foil and bake in the oven for 20 minutes at 150 degrees. To prepare the sauce, it is necessary to mix finely chopped dill with mayonnaise.
Reviews and results of low-carb diets
Judging by the reviews, then such a power system is easily transferred. It does not imply starvation, as a result of which the body does not undergo stresses. Among the shortcomings can be noted that the brain lacks energy, which can be a headache with a strong employment at work or large mental stress. You can meet both opponents and adherents of low-carb diet.
Valentina: She stayed on the diet for a week, although she counted fourteen days. I just started my exams, and I did not follow my diet anymore. But even this week I lost weight. I can not give exact figures, but I was able to squeeze into my favorite trousers.
Veronica: an excellent diet, did not regret the decision to use it. I did not feel hunger, I corrected the figure a little, the food restrictions are not catastrophic.
There are universal methods of losing weight in the general plan, which do not require great feats for their implementation. The reverse side of the coin is in the low effectiveness of such diets. Only your intention will lead to the implementation of cardinal techniques that have proven effectiveness.
A diet lasting a week is a wonderful solution to the eternal problem! Scientists have proved that it is this term that the body needs to maximize the positive effect of experiments with weight loss. At first glance, this is not a long time, however, from the psychological point of view, it has a great deal.
As you know, the popularity of a diet depends on how quickly it helps to get rid of excess weight, because more often than not we remember this vital problem only on the eve of any important events or holidays. Naturally, in such situations almost all women are looking for the most.
To date, separate food is a fairly popular way to eliminate excess weight. Many popular people claim that they used this method to adjust their weight. Many nutritionists believe that it is easier to follow an established diet in the event that a person alternates foods in.
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