The concept of vitamins and minerals includes all those chemical elements and their compounds that the human body is not able to synthesize on its own, but which are necessary for it to function normally and develop. These substances can be obtained only from food or dietary supplements. In foreign literature, when describing minerals and vitamins, the term "micronutrients" is often used. The etymology of this term lies in the fact that the body needs incommensurably smaller volumes of micronutrients, in comparison with proteins and carbohydrates.
Vitamins in the human body work primarily as catalysts for the activity of enzymes, "coenzymes." Enzymes are involved in the vast majority of chemical processes occurring at the cellular level, to which the synthesis of protein also applies. Vitamins are very important in bodybuilding, since almost all of them are necessary in the process of protein formation and muscle growth. Vitamins, like coenzymes, are important constituents of enzyme activity, without which enzymes can not function properly. The lack of vitamins and minerals in the body leads to the fact that the body is not able to synthesize the muscle-forming elements from substances that enter the body together with food. Scientists say that bodybuilding, like other sports, increases the body's need for vitamins. At athletes the metabolism is considerably accelerated in comparison with the people who are not engaged in sports. On average, the need for an athlete engaged in bodybuilding in vitamins is 1,5 times higher.
In practice, it is proved that significant results in fitness, powerlifting and bodybuilding can not be achieved without additional intake of various vitamin-mineral complexes. A common problem, called a training plateau, in which an athlete ceases to gain muscle mass or reduce fat, is also often associated with a deficiency of vitamins. The body is not always able to meet its needs for minerals and vitamins from food, especially with a high-calorie diet, when most foods are practically free of vitamins. In order to prevent digestive disorders, bodybuilders are forced to reduce the consumption of fruit and this also dictates the increased need for vitamin-mineral complexes.
Minerals are substances of inorganic origin that are not produced by plant and animal cells, but are contained in certain amounts in food products. In the process of life, the human body is in need of minerals. In bodybuilding, the most important function of minerals is to ensure conduction of nerve fibers and muscle contractions, as well as energy production and maintenance of water-electrolyte balance. Some minerals also act as new substances forming new muscle tissues. For example, phosphorus and calcium act as constituents of bone tissue, and zinc participates in the synthesis of testosterone.
Minerals are classified into macroelements and trace elements. This classification is based on a quantitative indicator of the body's need for certain minerals.
Microelements: copper, chromium, iron, cobalt, silicon, iron, zinc, selenium and other minerals – the daily requirement of the organism in them does not exceed 200 mg.
Microelements: magnesium, calcium, sodium, potassium and phosphorus – the daily requirement of the body in them is not less than 200 mg.
Solubility in water (B) and fat (G)
The consequence of lack (avitaminosis)
A multivitamin complex of high concentration, supplemented with a shock dose of amino acids, antioxidants and enzymes!