Nutrition and diet for arthrosis: what can and can not?
In 60% of cases, the development of arthrosis is due to malnutrition. Therefore, in the treatment of this disease, it is very important to highlight the main role of the diet. Nutrition for arthrosis should completely exclude foods that can somehow irritate the inflamed joints and lead to an exacerbation of the disease. And what can you eat with arthrosis, and what is not, you will now find out.
Basic principles of nutrition in patients with joints
The diet for arthrosis has several purposes:
- Saturate vitamins and minerals with damaged tissues that promote their regeneration;
- increase the work of the immune system;
- reduce inflammation;
- normalize the production of synovial fluid for normal joint gliding.
In view of this, nutrition for joint arthrosis must necessarily be vitaminized and rational. At the same time, it is very important to monitor the calorie content of the dishes you eat, as the appearance of extra pounds can lead to an exacerbation of the disease.
In addition, the use of high-calorie food, which contains a lot of cholesterol, can lead to the appearance of atherosclerotic plaques on the walls of the vessels and their blockage, which will contribute to the violation of blood circulation. Insufficient inflow of blood to the inflamed joints can lead to an exacerbation of the disease and worsening of regeneration processes. In this case, even strong drugs can not have the proper therapeutic effect.
Diet for joint arthrosis involves fractional nutrition. A person should eat at least 6 once a day, while a single portion of it should not exceed by its weight more than 200. All meals should be cooked for a couple or baked in the oven without adding oil. In this case, the use of spices should be minimized.
Diet for arthrosis: approved foods
Diet with deforming arthrosis involves the use of a large number of food products, which contain protein. This substance is the main component of the joints and promotes their regeneration.
Protein in large quantities found in seafood, river fish, meat, dairy and fermented milk products. These foods should form the main part of the diet. Patients with arthrosis should choose meat low-fat varieties, that is, turkey, chicken, rabbit, lean beef, etc.
With regard to sour-milk products, the patient should give preference to yogurt, whey, cottage cheese and yogurt. They contain a lot of protein and almost no fats, which are "enemy No. 1" for joints.
In addition to protein products, therapeutic nutrition for joint arthrosis should also include:
- low-fat meat and fish broths;
- jelly, jelly and any other food stuffs containing gelatin;
- fresh vegetables and fruits;
- beans (beans, peas, lentils);
- vegetable oils (in a small amount);
Patients with arthrosis or arthritis should daily observe the drinking regimen. Water helps to remove salts from the body, which provoke inflammatory processes in the joints. In a day you need to drink at least 1,5 L of liquid. It is not necessary to drink only pure water. Compotes, fruit drinks, freshly squeezed juices, herbal teas, broth of wild rose – all this is also allowed to be used in these diseases.
With arthrosis and arthritis, citrus fruits are very useful. They contain a lot of vitamin C, which increases the protective functions of the body and eliminates inflammation. But in the presence of increased acidity of the stomach, their use is contraindicated.
Diet for arthrosis: what is strictly forbidden to eat?
Nutrition for arthritis and arthrosis completely excludes:
- fat meat;
- canned food;
- smoked products;
- semi-finished products;
- White bread;
- carbonated and alcoholic drinks;
- sauces (mayonnaise, ketchup, etc.);
- salted crisps, chips;
- fast food.
In addition, those people who have inflammatory processes in the joints, it is necessary to minimize the use of salt and various condiments. They promote the formation of salts, irritation of joints and increased appetite.
Diet for arthritis and arthrosis must necessarily be accompanied by moderate physical exertion, medication and vitamins for the joints (the latter should also be prescribed by a doctor). All this in a complex will help you to stop the deformation of the joints and maintain your motor function.