Melon is an annual herbaceous plant with creeping stems and fruits of elongated shape of various colors.
In Russia, it was brought from Persia at the end of 16 in., Where it was considered one of the fruits of paradise.
Later it was grown in greenhouses throughout Europe.
Chemical composition of fruit
In melon there is a high content of pectin substances, folic acid and iron (1000 μg per 100 g edible part).
It is useful to use for diseases:
- urinary tract;
- of cardio-vascular system;
- liver diseases (chronic hepatitis and cirrhosis);
The tender fiber of fruits strengthens the peristalsis of the intestine, it appears a moderate laxative effect and promotes the excretion of cholesterol.
The fruit is characterized by a good diuretic and choleretic effect.
Their regular intake of food improves the condition of patients with gout, urolithiasis and other metabolic disorders.
- sugar in the form of sucrose (18%);
- malic and citric acid;
- pantothenic acid;
- vitamins C, E, B6, B2, B1;
- potassium, calcium, magnesium, silicon (near the skin), phosphorus, iron, iodine, fluorine.
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The energy value is 35 kcal per 100 g edible part.
For medicinal purposes, use fresh and dried flesh, freshly prepared juice and fruit seeds.
Melon melon quenches the thirst well, soothingly acts on the nervous system, is useful in coronary heart disease, heart rhythm disturbances, lack of internal fluids, pulmonary tuberculosis, decay, obesity.
Contraindications in use
Moderate intake is recommended for breastfeeding mothers and people suffering from kidney stones.
You can also eat melon in small amounts, with illness with phosphate precipitation in alkaline urine and with exacerbation of gastrointestinal diseases.
This fruit is forbidden to drink with liquor, honey and drink with cold water.
This can lead to swelling, intestinal colic and severe diarrhea.
In addition to the above reasons, the use of melon is contraindicated in diseases:
- diabetes mellitus;
- stomach ulcer;
- with any intestinal disturbances.
Seeds and their therapeutic effect
Seeds of melon increase sexual potency, they are recommended for use in the treatment of prostate and impotence.
Extract from the seeds helps with coughing and soothes chest pain.
Seeds are prescribed for the treatment of nephrolithiasis, nephrocirrhosis and nephrosclerosis.
They are well crushed in a coffee grinder and gradually add cold boiled water, constantly mixing with a spoon.
The resulting mass is filtered and taken at half the glass 3 times a day.
Decoctions of seeds (1 st.l of crushed raw material per 1 glass of boiling water) have a rejuvenating effect on the skin of the face, equalize the tone, are used in the treatment of acne, depriving and pigment spots.
Melon "torpedo" and its use in folk medicine
"Torpedo" is a late variety, it has a distinctly pronounced taste and delicate aroma.
The fruits have an oblong form, are colored yellow, the peel is covered with a mesh.
The pulp is less sugary, but contains a large amount of ascorbic acid, catechins and enzymes, which improve the assimilability of the variety and favorably affect the functioning of the intestine.
"Torpedo" is well suited for carrying out unloading days with chronic circulatory insufficiency, nephritis, pyelocystitis, liver and gall bladder diseases.
In the diet of the patient included 1,5 kg of pulp of ripe fruit, distributed on 5 receptions.
Unloading days are recommended for the doctor's prescription, their frequency can vary from two times a week to once every ten days.
Melon juice is good for the stomach
A good healing effect is a whole freshly prepared melon juice.
It does not contain dietary fiber, less organic acids, which reduces the likelihood of complications in the work of the gastrointestinal tract.
Juice is rich in inositol – a substance that has vitamin properties and prevents hair loss, accumulation of fat and cholesterol in the liver.
It has a beneficial effect on the neuro-trophic processes and regulates the work of the stomach and intestines.
In cosmetology, the juice, mixed with an equal amount of mineral water, is used to care for dry skin of the face.
Melon lotion moisturizes and tones up the skin, makes it soft and supple, smooths the complexion.
Assign the juice to 50-100 ml 2-3 times a day.
In the treatment of chronic cough and throat diseases it is recommended to drink a glass of 3 a day.
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Also, the drink has a good antihelminthic effect.
Dried melon: how to prepare the pulp and preserve the beneficial trace elements
Dried melon on the composition of vitamins and trace elements completely corresponds to fresh.
Therefore, for treatment during the year, dried fruits are used, harvested during the ripening season.
Pieces of dried melon have a tonic effect, well saturate the body, reduce appetite and improve mood.
To properly dry the melon, it must be cut into thin slices and peeled.
Lobules are laid out on a wooden board and are exposed in the sun.
Within two weeks they are sufficiently waxed.
If necessary, melon can be dried in the oven at temperatures up to 120 degrees.
How to choose a melon correctly
Melon is chosen according to color, hardness of the peel and aroma.
A good fruit usually has a stem.
To determine its maturity, it is necessary to press on the fruit from the side opposite from the stem, in the unripe melon the crust is firm, in the ripe – it lends itself to pressing.
Ripe melon, depending on the variety, has a yellow color – from pale to saturated shade.
The saturated color of the pulp indicates an increased content of vitamin A.
Fruits should be without damage, dents and cracks, dark spots give a bitter taste.
Melon has a restorative, antitoxic, diuretic, antimicrobial, sedative and toning effect on the human body.
The qualitative and quantitative combination of biologically active substances and low caloric content make the fruit of this fruit irreplaceable with curative and dietary products.
I really like melon. But I do not see the point of squeezing juice out of it, if you can eat it all at once))
That's how I bought a melon today, cut it, and it's red inside. Not pink, not slightly reddish, but red. I somehow got scared and did not eat it – threw it away. I'm sitting now thinking – maybe in vain, and this is normal?
In vain you threw a melon, there is a sort of melon, it's called – (red melon), that is – a red melon.