Dill is an annual herbaceous plant with a pronounced spicy odor from the Umbilical family.
Monotype, there is only one type – Dill vegetable or odorous.
Appearance: straight stem, reaching a height of 40-150 cm, usually single, branched at the top.
Flowers in the form of umbrellas.
Blooms in summer, in June-July.
Fruits are elliptical in shape, 3-5 cm long.
A bit of history
Dill came to us from the Mediterranean countries.
The first evidence of the use of this plant can be found in the papyri of ancient Egypt.
Even then it was noted that the infusion of this plant, relieves the headache and "softens" the vessels.
The ancient Greeks used this plant as a spice in the process of preparing various dishes, as well as for making incense.
In ancient Rome, he was considered an exotic plant, the Romans even added it to the bouquets that were presented to beloved girls.
Borrowing the experience of the ancient Greeks, Roman physicians also evaluated the medicinal properties of it for improving digestion.
In Europe, the first mention of dill dates back to the 16th-17th centuries.
And till now this plant remains one of the most popular spices.
The medicinal qualities of dill, noted back in antiquity, continue to be explored even now.
The fruits of this plant are already officially considered medicinal raw materials, and the root, seeds and grass itself are actively used in folk medicine.
It certainly can not be accused of the monotony of the chemical composition, it is indeed rich in useful substances and elements.
In dill (especially in leaves) contains a significant amount of vitamin C (from 52 to 242 mg per 100 gram of the plant).
But this is not the only vitamin in the composition, there are also vitamins B1, B2, B6, B9 (folic acid), E, R (rutin), PP.
The plant also contains the strongest antioxidant – carotene (provitamin A).
Micro and macro elements
Especially the content of useful elements are the seeds of dill.
They contain potassium, manganese, copper, zinc, calcium, sodium.
It should be noted that the content of calcium in seeds is much higher than in beans and peas.
Leaves and stem, in addition to the above elements, also contain phosphorus and iron.
This saturation makes dill extremely useful for the digestive and cardiovascular system.
Physiologically active compounds.
The leaves of this plant contain chlorophyll, lutein, violexanthin.
In the stems and flowers there are flavonoids (isoramnetin, quartzetin).
These compounds have a beneficial effect on metabolic processes in the human body.
Essential oil. On average, the content of essential oil reaches from 2 to 6%.
The main component of the essential oil of dill is the D-carvone.
According to some information, this substance not only gives a special spicy aroma to dill, but also serves to prevent the occurrence of cancer tumors.
Nitrogenous substances that contribute to the improvement of the digestive system.
Proteins, fats and carbohydrates, which will be discussed in more detail below.
Food and energy value
Take as a basis the averaged indicators, because the nutritional value of this plant may vary slightly depending on the conditions in which it was grown.
On average, 100 grams of the product contains:
- 85,5 grams of water;
- 2,5 a gram of vegetable proteins;
- 0,5 grams of fat (linoleic, oleic, palmitic, petroselinic fatty acids);
- about 6,5 grams of carbohydrates, including sucrose, maltose, xylose, starch, as well as dietary fiber (about 3 grams).
The energy value of 100 grams of dill is approximately 40 kcal.
Benefits for the body
Dill, as well as parsley has useful properties, and therefore, is characterized by the ability to comprehensively influence the body, heals it.
There is a positive effect of this plant on the digestive, nervous, respiratory, cardiovascular systems.
In addition, dill helps to reduce weight, helps fight diabetes, prevents the deposition of salts, has antibacterial properties.
More on the health benefits of dill
Has a positive effect on the work of the gastrointestinal tract.
Perhaps the most important useful property of dill is its ability to normalize the digestive system and improve metabolism.
It is proved that the fiber that is part of this plant cleanses the intestines and eliminates bloating.
Antibacterial properties of this plant, prevent the appearance of putrefactive processes in the body.
With a stomach ulcer or duodenum, it can be recommended as an anesthetic.
In addition, the use of dill in food contributes to the secretion of gastric juice and improve appetite.
Dill is useful for sight. To maintain visual acuity, it is important to eat foods containing beta-carotene.
It is the most important source of this substance, so it is highly recommended to add this herb to your diet to people who have vision problems, older men and women, and those whose work involves constant eye strain.
In addition, compresses from the decoction of the seeds of this plant, can remove eye fatigue.
Benefits in the treatment of colds
Dill has an expectorant effect.
Essential oils contained in dill help to clear the respiratory tract, dilute sputum in the bronchi and help to easily remove it from the body.
Therefore, the decoction from this herb is very effective for coughing, incl. and when allergic.
Dried dill, also has useful properties, it is recommended to use for obesity, diabetes, as well as those who have salt deposits.
Just dill, has useful properties for weight loss, it reduces swelling, removes excess fluid from the body.
Wound healing properties
Antiseptic and bactericidal properties relieve inflammation and contribute to the early healing of wounds.
The essential oils of this plant and the infusion of seeds are effective for external use in allergic skin itch.
It lowers blood pressure.
Infusion of this plant in combination with sodium bromide is recommended for hypertension of I and II degrees.
Use of dill for the treatment of skin diseases
With the help of gruel from the young green of dill, you can remove inflammation of the skin, tumors, heal old wounds.
Broth of dill will help to get rid of acne and psoriasis.
Its use, helps reduce blood sugar.
The composition of the essential oils of this plant includes eugenol, which is very useful for diabetics.
Dietary fiber and antioxidants contained in this plant help control the level of cholesterol in the blood.
Dill is considered a plant of beauty.
In cosmetology for him there was a wide application.
It brightens the skin, removes freckles and age spots, smoothes wrinkles around the eyes, cleanses the pores, nourishes and moisturizes dry skin.
And finally, it simply has fortifying properties for the whole organism.
At the same time, the root of dill effectively cope with digestive problems and has a useful diuretic effect, therefore it cleanses the kidneys, relieves urolithiasis.
Seeds of this plant, or rather, a decoction of them, is shown to people with increased excitability and insomnia. In addition, it is an excellent remedy for treating colds.
Useful properties for men and women
Separately, we should note the use of this plant for the female and male halves of mankind.
Traditional medicine recommends fresh dill as a tool with beneficial properties, which increases the potency of men.
A simple green salad of young dill, seasoned with sour cream with regular consumption of food as a side dish or a self-sufficient dish will help cope with male impotence.
For women, green dill is also considered a plant with beneficial properties.
B group vitamins and flavonoids contained in dill help maintain a normal menstrual cycle, relieve pain during this period.
In addition, this plant is useful for nursing mothers, because the infusion of fennel seeds enhances lactation, which is undoubtedly a useful property.
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Dill though is the owner of useful properties, but all so, has contraindications.
It is not recommended for people who suffer from low blood pressure to eat, because there may be nausea, weakness, dizziness, and temporary visual impairment.
In addition, a personal intolerance to this plant may be a contraindication.
Use in folk medicine
In 0,5 liters of boiling water add 1 a tablespoon of dill seeds. Insist 2 hours, then filter and use 4 times a day for 1 tablespoon.
Grind dill, 1 a tablespoon of a crushed plant, pour a glass of boiling water. Insist 1 an hour, strain and take 4 once a day for half a glass.
Tea for removing toxins from the body.
Crush 2 teaspoons of seeds and brew them with a glass of boiling water. Insist 10 minutes. Drink once a day for half a glass after eating.
Obviously, dill is not only a popular spice, but also an excellent remedy for many ailments.
So do not forget to add it to the diet to maintain your health.
This summer, I was just wildly drawn to the dill, ate probably a few kilograms)) And now I read that it is useful for gallstones (I have a congenital pathology). Thanks for the info!
So, all your life you eat dill and do not suspect how useful it is! I love him so much! Rarely what dish without it is cost. And now, during menstruation, I will use it as the main dish)
The urologist has advised to drink broth of dill for prophylaxis of relapses of a cystitis after monural. Has already dried the stock for the winter 🙂