Patients diagnosed with “2 type diabetes mellitus” need a specially selected diet. With the help of diet, you can achieve the main goal – to bring blood glucose levels to normal levels. Observing all the recommendations, the patient will facilitate his own health and avoid possible complications of the disease.
The essence of the diet for diabetes mellitus 2 type
Diabetics 2 type recommended diet. It implies a reduction in the intake of carbohydrates, but not a complete exclusion. “Simple” carbohydrates (sugar, sweets, white bread, etc.) should be replaced by “complex” (fruits, herbal products).
The diet should be made in such a way that the body receives all the necessary substances in full. Food should be as varied as possible, but useful.
Here are some rules that should be observed for patients with diabetes mellitus 2 type:
- take food in small portions, but more often (about 6 times a day). The interval between meals should not exceed 3 hours;
- not to feel hungry. Eat a fresh fruit or vegetable (such as carrots) as a snack;
- breakfast should be easy, while satisfying;
- adhere to a low-calorie diet. Avoid foods that are high in fat, especially if you are overweight;
- to reduce the salt content in the diet;
- more often there are foods that contain fiber. It has a beneficial effect on the intestines, has a cleansing effect;
- drink at least 1,5 l of water per day;
- Do not overeat;
- last meal – for 2 hours before bedtime.
These simple rules will help you feel most comfortable and will maintain your health at the proper level.
Breakfast: Oatmeal porridge, bread from bran, carrot fresh.
Snack: A baked apple or a handful of dried apples.
Lunch: Soup of peas, black bread, vinaigrette, green tea.
Snack: Light salad of prunes and carrots.
Dinner: Buckwheat porridge with champignons, cucumber, 2 bread from bran, a glass of mineral water.
Breakfast: Cabbage salad, a slice of fish for a couple, bread with bran, unsweetened tea or with a sugar substitute.
Snack: Stewed vegetables, compote of dried fruits.
Lunch: Borscht with low-fat meat, vegetable salad, bread, tea.
Snack: Curd cheese cakes, green tea.
Dinner: Vealballs made of veal, rice, bread.
Before bedtime: Ryazhenka.
Breakfast: Sandwich with cheese, grated apple with carrots, tea.
Lunch: Cabbage soup from white cabbage, boiled chicken breast, black bread, dried fruit compote.
Snack: Cottage cheese with skimmed natural yogurt, tea.
Dinner: Stew vegetable, baked fish, broth of wild rose.
Breakfast: Boiled beet, rice porridge, compote of dried fruits.
Lunch: Vegetable soup, chicken leg without skin, tea with bread.
Dinner: Eggs soft, cabbage lazy, broth of wild rose.
Breakfast: Millet porridge, bread, tea.
Snack: Unsafe fruit drink.
Lunch: Fish soup, vegetable cabbage-carrot salad, bread, tea.
Snack: Fruit salad from apples, grapefruit.
Dinner: Pearl barley, caviar caviar, bread with bran, a drink with lemon juice, sugar substitute.
Breakfast: Porridge buckwheat, a slice of cheese, tea.
Lunch: Bean soup, pilaf with chicken, compote.
Snack: Cottage cheese.
Dinner: Stewed eggplants, boiled veal, cranberry mors.
Breakfast: Porridge corn with pumpkin, tea.
Lunch: Milk vermicelli soup, rice, bread, compote of dried apricots, raisins.
Snack: Salad of persimmons and grapefruit with lemon juice.
Dinner: Meat cutlet steamed, stewed zucchini with eggplant and carrots, black bread, tea with sugar replacer.
Before bedtime: Ryazhenka.
Recipes for diabetes type 2
Cottage cheese casserole without flour and semolina
- 250 d curd (not skim, otherwise the casserole will not keep the shape)
- 70 ml milk cow or goat
- 2 eggs
- lemon peel
- Cottage cheese combine with yolks, grated lemon zest, milk, vanilla. Mix with a blender or regular plug.
- Proteins (preferably chilled) whip the mixer to a steep foam, previously adding a little salt in them.
- Carefully mix protein in the mass of cottage cheese. Put the mixture on a form slightly oiled.
- Bake for half an hour at 160 degrees.
Vegetable vitamin salad
- 320 grams of kohlrabi cabbage
- 3 medium cucumber
- 1 garlic tooth
- a bunch of fresh greens
- olive or flaxseed oil
- Kohlrabi wash, grate. Cucumbers cut into long strips.
- Garlic the maximum chop with a knife. Washed greens are also finely chopped.
- All the mix, add salt, sprinkle with oil.
Mushroom soup of the diabetic
- 320 g potatoes
- 130 g mushrooms (better white)
- 140 г моркови
- 45 g of parsley root
- 45 g onions
- 1 tomato
- 2 Art. l. sour cream
- bunch of greenery (parsley, dill)
- Wash the mushrooms thoroughly, then dry them. Separate the hats from the legs. Cut the legs with rings, and the caps with cubes. Fry for pork fat for about half an hour.
- Cut the potatoes into cubes, carrots into a grater. Root the parsley, chop the onions with a knife.
- In 3,5 l boiling water put the prepared vegetables, fried mushrooms. Cook for 25 minutes.
- For 10 minutes before the readiness to add to the soup diced tomato.
- When the soup is ready, add the chopped dill, parsley. Let it brew for 15 minutes. Serve with sour cream.
Vegetables stewed in sour cream sauce
- by 400 g of zucchini and cauliflower
- 1 cup sour cream
- 3 st. l. rye flour
- 1 clove garlic
- 1 medium tomato
- 1 in. l. ketchup
- 1 Art. l. butter
- salt, spices
- Zucchini to beat with boiling water, cut the peel. Cut into cubes.
- Cauliflower divided into inflorescences. Send the cook along with the zucchini until ready.
- At this time, heat the dry frying pan, pour on it rye flour. Hold on a low heat for a couple of minutes. Add the butter. Stir, warm up another 2 minutes. It should form a ruddy blush.
- Add sour cream, spices, salt, ketchup to this slurry. Get the sauce.
- To the sauce, add crushed tomato, passed through a clove of garlic. After 4 minutes, put the cooked zucchini and cabbage into the pan.
- Stew all together for an additional 5 minutes.
Compliance with diets with diabetes mellitus 2 type – an important component of maintaining health. At the same taste palette is not lost, because with diabetes it is possible to eat fully. There are a lot of recipes for the first, second, dessert and festive dishes, permissible for diabetics 2 type. Use them, and your well-being and mood will be wonderful.