Vitamin B5 (pantothenic acid)
Vitamin B5 – a water-soluble vitamin that helps to produce cellular energy. It regulates the metabolism and function of the nervous system, protects against fatigue, stimulates immunity, enhances thought processes.
Functions of vitamin B5 in the body
Pantothenic acid performs the following functions in the body:
- supports muscular energy
Pantothenic acid is found in many products of plant and animal origin:
Pantothenic acid is also synthesized by the intestinal microflora.
Symptoms of vitamin B5 deficiency
With a deficiency of vitamin B5 in the body, all stages of metabolism – protein, fat and carbohydrate, suffer.
Signs of a lack of vitamin B5:
The daily requirement for vitamin B5 is 5 mg.
An increased dose of pantothenic acid up to 15 mg per day is necessary with increased physical exertion, stressful conditions and consumption of low-calorie food.
Pantothenic acid is necessary for bodybuilders, as it takes part in the synthesis of steroid hormones and fatty acids, the regulation of muscle recovery processes, the utilization of lactic acid in muscles and the involvement of fatty acids in energy metabolism.
Also pantothenic acid is an active element of coenzyme A, which plays a significant role in the production and use of energy.
Pantothenic acid has a powerful anabolic effect, leads to a rapid increase in total body weight, lowers blood glucose levels, which contributes to the release of growth hormone, increases the synthesis of acetylcholine, which carries out neuromuscular transmission.
With a short intake of pantothenic acid in an amount of 25-200 mg, a significant improvement in athletic form and an increase in athletes' endurance are possible. Also, vitamin B5 can be taken during the period of maximum training loads and during competitions (as an anti-stress drug).