Every gardener is constantly in search of unusual specimens for his summer residence. But these plants should not only be unusual or beautiful, but also beneficial. Onion jusai – this is exactly what you need, as it is an indispensable inhabitant of the infield.
Jusai – what is it?
Jusai is a branchy bow. In the people it is sometimes called garlic onion or mountain garlic, as well as scented onions. This name is due to the fact that when you use it you can smell the light garlic. The mountain slopes of China and Mongolia are the birthplace of this unusual bow.
Leaves of branchy onions can reach up to half a meter. They have a bright green color. The leaves are very thin and numerous, they form a large mop of green. The root system of this plant is called a false bulb. Thanks to this structure, each year the bulbs become larger and larger, forming large families.
The mountain garlic begins to bloom in July, throwing out long stalks with round inflorescences. Inflorescences are formed by many small white flowers, which have a very pleasant and delicate aroma.
It is quite easy to take care of him. Periodically it should be watered and the dry foliage cut off. It can be grown not only for use in cooking, but also as an ornamental plant. And also it is very useful for the treatment of various diseases.
How to grow
Because of its unpretentiousness to grow jusai is not difficult. It grows well both in the sun and in the shade. He is also indifferent to the soil. It can be grown both on acidic and neutral soil.
This perennial can grow on the site until 10 years.
Reproduction can occur in three ways: with the help of seeds, vegetatively and bulbous. It is better to start seeds in the spring period.
When grown vegetatively, the adult plant is excavated and separated from it several bulbs. It is best to take on 3-4 bulbs and put them in one hole. The most optimal time for such planting is spring.
Bulbous way is very similar to vegetative. You can also take a few onions and plant them in the hole. With this method of reproduction, shoots begin to appear after 2 weeks. The fragrant onions with this way of planting will only begin to bloom for the second year.
In the first year, it is not recommended to cut off young foliage. She needs to get stronger and gain strength. After the plant has taken root and gets stronger, it is possible to cut off the foliage not more than four times in one season.
Benefit and harm
Jusai contains a lot of vitamins and trace elements. But, despite its obvious benefits, he has a number of contraindications.
- in the inflorescences of branchy onion contains a large amount of ascorbic acid;
- it strengthens the immune system;
- leaves of onions stimulate the functioning of the cardiovascular system;
- stimulates the work of the gastrointestinal tract;
- improves the condition and work of the nervous system;
- improves the condition of the cartilaginous tissue;
- It is useful in the treatment of colds;
- can be used as a diuretic and choleretic agent;
- The juice can be used with stings of various insects and nettle burns;
- helps in the treatment of gastritis;
- can be used in the treatment of pneumonia and tuberculosis.
- contraindicated in case of individual intolerance;
- is not recommended for use in diseases of the gastrointestinal tract of an inflammatory nature (pancreatitis, cholecystitis, cholelithiasis);
- excessive use can cause heartburn.
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It is impossible to overestimate the contribution of onion jusaya. The sector of its application amazes with its variety, from cooking to the use in medicine.
Most often, mountain garlic is used in cooking. It can be used as fresh, adding to salads and snacks, and for making soups, stewing vegetables and many other dishes. You can use it as an ornament for various dishes.
It has a pleasant and fragrant aroma, thanks to which it is often added to sauces. It can also be added to minced meat. In food you can use not only greens, but arrows arrows. They can be marinated or added to other pickles to give them flavor and aroma.
It is included in the recipes of many dishes, for example lagman and various Korean salads. If the greens are frozen for the winter, you can save useful properties and in this form use for cooking.
You can use mountain garlic not only in cooking, but also in medicine. It has many useful properties. And its use is recommended for the treatment of various diseases.
The use of jusai is necessary for replenishment of vitamin C deficiency. It is also useful for people suffering from gastritis and other diseases of the gastrointestinal tract. Helps in the treatment of heart disease. Improves the condition of blood vessels. In Tibet from it prepare various drugs. Especially it is appreciated by the fact that it prepares an antidote for snake bites.